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Vol. 1, No. 7 [December 2015]:

Author Name :: Olaitan S.K || Aladenika A.K
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 01-03
A rechargeable lamp is a portable lighting device or mounted light fixture used to illuminate broad areas. Lamps may also be used for signaling, as torches, or as general light sources outdoors. Low light level varieties are used for decoration. The term "lamp" is also used more generically to mean a light source, or the enclosure for a light source. The design and construction of a potable rechargeable lamp was constructed to add more values to existent ones. The introduction of the automatic mechanical manual timer control switch which was introduced was serve as off and on switch , to make the rechargeable lamp valuable, durable, increase the efficiency and life span of the battery.
Keywords: automatic mechanical manual timer, rechargeable battery, LEDs.
[1]. Douglas, W.H. (2013) Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2014-09-11
[2]. Farrago, P.S. (2006) An Introduction to Linear Network Analysis, The English University Press Ltd pp 18-21
[3]. James, H .H. Paul, N.L. (1982) Essentials of Electrical Circuit, Reston publishing Company pp 96-97
[4]. Vishay, B.S.(2008) Basic of Linear Fixed Resistor Application page 34-37
[5]. www.homemade-circuits.com/2011/12/how-to-make-efficient-led- emergency

Paper Title :: Generation of electricity by running on a leg-powered treadmill
Author Name :: Manish Debnath
Country :: India
Page Number :: 04-07
In today's world global warming & other related environmental issues becomes an important matter of concern in the angle of environmental pollution. To tackle this problem we have to decrease our dependence on fossil fuel especially for generation of electricity and increase the use of green-energy or environment friendly method of electricity generation. This paper will discuss about a treadmill which can generate electricity when someone running on its track. Treadmill is generally used for walking or running while staying in the same place. If someone runs on the track of this machine for one hour then it will generate certain amount of electric energy which will be enough to lighting a LED bulb up to 10 to 12 hours.
KEYWORDS– DC generator, Diode, Inverter, LED bulb, Treadmill.

Paper Title :: Review of Low Temperature Air Generation from Vehicle Suspension System
Author Name :: Prof. S. U. Ratnparkhi || Mr. Tejas Tharkude || Ms. Swarada Radkar || Ms. Niyati Shah || Mr. Vishal Parekar
Country :: India
Page Number :: 08-12
Nowadays we require fuel efficient car which is possible only when load on the system is less. Hence to reduce the load on the system we have to reduce the load on the engine using the kinetic energy generated in suspension system. Current air conditioning systems can reduce the fuel economy of high fuel economy vehicles. With the help of the piston-cylinder arrangement it is possible to convert the compression and expansion in suspension to reciprocating motion which will compress air at high pressure. The pneumatic single acting cylinder is used for this project to compress the air. The output air from the pneumatic cylinder is collected through temperature sensors and this compressed air is stored inside the storage tank. After this research we concluded in car there is a lot of fuel burnt only for working of A.C. while driving the car. By using this compressed air we can run the air conditioning system in the car and save the fuel.
KEYWORDS–Suspension, Air-conditioning, Compressed air, fuel efficient system
[1]. Abhijit Lendhe, Nikhil Mangvade, Prasad Naik, Pratik Jadhav,"Regenerative Suspension System", International Journal of Recent Research in Interdisciplinary Sciences (IJRRIS) Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp: (30-33), Month: April 2015 - June 2015.
[2]. Gaurang Tiwari, Dr. R.K. Saxena , "The Regenerative Energy Suspension System", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 6, Issue 4, April-2015 1249.
[3]. Borse S.H., Satpute A.G., Mude J.M., Pokale R.S., Prof. Wabale A. D., Prof. Bhane A.B, "Air Conditioning System Using Vehicle Suspension System", International Journal of Recent Development in Engineering and Technology, (ISSN 2347-6435(Online) Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2015).
[4]. Mr.Swapnil Kamthe, Mr.Rahul Kadam, Mr. Aniket Dhore, Mr. Shivkumar Falmari, Prof. Subhash Ghadve, Prof .Mukesh Chaudhari,"Development of Mechanism For Recovery Of Energy Of Suspension System", IJPRET, 2014; Volume 2 (9): 169-178.

Paper Title :: A Modified Binary Search Algorithm for Carrier Acquisition in DSB-SC Communication System
Author Name :: Muhammad Asif || Anam Nusrat || Arslan Akbar
Country :: China
Page Number :: 13-21
In all DSB-SC (double side band- suppressed carrier) communication systems, acquisition of carrier is a big challenge at the receiver. For DSB-SC modulation, the carrier is not transmitted because it consumes a lot of power but the information is carried only by the side band. A novel algorithm for carrier acquisition is introduced which is a modified version of Binary search Algorithm. This modified algorithm is a hybrid of Binary search tree and Modified search tree. The proposed algorithm proves more helpful for carrier acquisition process as it is more accurate, low cost and less time consuming. Also, the computational complexity is very low, instead of 80-82, needs only 13-14 multiplication for carrier acquisition.
Keywords- carrier acquisition, binary search, modified binary search, primary roots, modulated signal
[1] H. Sari, S. Moridi, L. Desperben, and P. Vandamme, "Baseband equalizationand carrier recovery in digital radio systems," IEEE Trans.Commun., vol. COM-35, pp. 319–327, Mar. 1987.
[2] H. Sari and S. Moridi, "New phase and frequency detectors for carrier recovery in PSK and QAM systems," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 36,pp. 1035–1043, Sept. 1988.
[3] Costas N. Georghiades, Senior Member, IEEE," Blind Carrier Phase Acquisition for QAM Constellations,"IEEE Trans. Commun.,vol. 45, NO. 11, November 1997.
[4] Franjo Plavec, Zvonko G. Vranesic, Stephen D. Brown, "On Digital search trees, a Simple Method for Constructing Balanced Binary Trees," Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto, ON, Canada plavec@eecg.toronto.edu,zvonko@eecg.toronto.edu,brown@eecg.toronto.edu
[5] Shynk, J.J., "Frequency-Domain and Multirate Adaptive Filtering,"IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Jan. 1992, pp. 15-37.

Paper Title :: Medical image de-noising using Anisotropic Diffusion
Author Name :: Himali R. Bonde || Prof. S. A. More
Country :: India
Page Number :: 22-28
Image denoising is an important image processing task. Removing noise from the original image is still a challenging problem for researchers. Several algorithms have been published and each approach has its assumptions, advantages, and limitations. Wavelets give high quality results in image de-noising due to properties such as sparsity and multi resolution. Images get reduced due to presence of noise when they are retrieved, stored, transmitted or acquired. In this work, we give an idea to de-noise images by applying anisotropic diffusion and multilevel Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) on different types of noise. The different types of noise which we consider here are speckle noise and salt & pepper noise.
KEYWORDS -Anisotropic Diffusion, Multilevel Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT)
[1]. Torali Saikia, Kandarpa Kumar Sarma, "Multilevel DWT based Image De-noising using Feed Forward Artificial Neural Network.", IEEE, vol 978-1-4799-2866-Aug 2014.
[2]. M. Kaur and R. Sharma, "Restoration of Medical Image Using Denoising", International Journal for Science and Emerging Technologies with Latest Trends, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 35-38, 2013.
[3]. M. H. Krishnan and R. Viswanathan, "A New Concept of Reduction of Gaussian Noise in Image Based on Fuzzy Logic", Applied Mathematical Sciences, vol. 7, on. 12, pp. 595-602, 2013.
[4]. Satendra Kumar, Ashwini Kumar Saini, Papendra Kumar " SVD based Robust Digital Image Watermarking using DWT", International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 45-No. 10, May 2012.
[5]. Y. A. AL. Sbou, "Artificial Neural Networks Evaluation as an Image Denoising Tool", World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 218-227, 2012.

Paper Title :: Genetic potential evaluation of Binbei area in the Songliao Basin
Author Name :: Dai xiaojuan
Country :: China
Page Number :: 29-32
After many exploration,Binbei area in the Songliao Basin,with large oil and gas exploration potential,is the key exploration area at present. Through the existing data of Binbei area, combining previous research results, this article will give a brief introduction of oil-generation condition in Binbei area.
Keywords: Beibei area, exploration potential, oil-generation
[1]. Huang Futang. Research on the distribution of nature gas in the north part of Songliao Basin [J].Natural Gas Geoscience, 1995, 32(6):36-40.
[2]. Cai Xiyuan, Chen Zhangming.Petroleumgeology analysis on two rivers area, Songliao Basin [M]. Beijing Petroleum Industry Press, 1999.
[3]. Fu Guang, Lu Shuangfang, Li Hongtao.Hydrocarbon potential forecast of Fuyang reservoir in Binbei area [J]. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2003, 10 (5):25-29.
[4]. Luo chao. The characteristic analysis and evaluation of source rocks in the mid-shallow strata of Binbei region in Songliao Basin [J]. Inner Mongolia petrochemical industry, 2010(5):136-139.
[5]. Zhao bo. Sedimentary facies and sedimentary evolution of the Upper Cretaceous Qingshankou Formation of Binbei area in Central Depression of Songliao Basin [J].Journal of palaeogeogrephy,2009, 11(3):293-300.

Paper Title :: Effect of Biogenic Silica Soil Conditioner on Paddy Crop in India
Author Name :: S. T. Buddhe || M.G. Thakre || Sanyogita Verma || P.R. Chaudhari
Country :: India
Page Number :: 33-39
Now-a-days various soil conditioners are being discovered and used in agriculture to increase soil fertility and crop productivity. Different soil conditioners are being used in this direction to improve the food production from the poor and medium soils. In this category, a new product, diatomaceous earth - Biogenic Silica, having the characteristics of good soil conditioner, is now studied in this article to improve the nutrient status and productivity of the soil of paddy field at Jabalpur, India. The results of one season field experiments showed significant improvement in the nutrient content of paddy field soil of medium fertility, and improvement in the yield attributes like plant population (119 plants/m2), tillers (279/m2), effective tillers (256/m2), grains (163/panicle), test weight (21.28 g) and panicle length (24.42 cm). Similarly, grain yield (max. 45.74 q/ha) and straw yield (max. 92.49 q/ha) of rice were improved significantly by application of Biogenic Silica at the dose of 500 kg/ha separately both at transplantation stage and at full bloom stage of rice crop. The improvement in soil nutrients over initial values was up to maximum 2% in soil nitrogen, 42.25% in case of phosphorus and 3.2% in potassium content.
Key Words: Diatomaceous Earth, Paddy, Productivity, Soil Fertility
[1]. Brown Julie, 2013. Recycling diatomaceous earth spent cake from filtration into a fertilizer. Industrial Minerals Today. http://blog.epminerals.com/recycling -diatomaceous-earth-spent-cake-from filtration-into-a-fertilizer.
[2]. Chandy, K.T., 2013. Status of plant nutrients in Indian soil. Online article, browsed 2013, Booklet no. 71, Soil Sci.: SSS – 20. Agric. and Env. Education.
[3]. Fresenburg, B.S., 1999. Soil amendments for Missouri athletic fields: Infield soils and topdressings. In Turfgrass: 1999 Research & Information Report [Missouri]. p. 7-8.
[4]. Jackson, M.L., 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall India: Bombay.
[5]. Mannion, B., 1996. Top dressing and aeration strategies. California Fairways. 5(4):24-30.

Author Name :: Olaniyan, A || Ibikunle, O. A, || Olayanju, A. B, || Olagoke, B. E || Olawoore, W. A
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 40-48
Termites cause billions of dollars in damage each year. They primarily feed on wood, but also damage paper, books, insulation, and even swimming pool liners and filtration systems. Termites can injure living trees and shrubs. Besides the monetary impact, thousands of winged termites emerging inside one's home are an emotionally trying experience - not to mention the thought of termites silently feasting on one's largest investment. Termites are able to assess wood sizes using vibrating signals, although the exact mechanism behind this assessment ability is not known. However, they are also dependent on the material characteristics of the block, such as mass, density and internal damping. Hence the termite effects on timbers used for construction in Ibarapa East Local Governments, area is hereby studied. Buildings were surveyed in different locations and several observations were made on timbers affected by termite and different ways attempted in preventing the devastating impact of termites on building timbers were application of insecticides, locust beans water, the plant of local tree named pakan pakan. Analysis of the results shown that more than eighty-three percent buildings selected for study seriously devastated by termites in the studied area. Moreover, 21.43% buildings been abandoned, 32.14% had collapsed and the remaining 46.43% were still habitable for owners.
Conclusively, termite attack is the most common cause of insect attack on timber in the studied area and its damage could be extensive and can be expensive to repair. However, simple precautions like Timber treatment, Avoidance of contact of susceptible timber with ground by using termite resistant concrete steel or DPC, Use of timber that is naturally resistant to termites such as Syncarpia glomulifera (Turpentine Tree), Callitris glaucophylla (White Cypress), Ayin or one of the Sequoias before construction could reduce the risk, and finally, maintenance routine that would include pruning trees back from buildings, and checking for galleries on post timber decay should be employed.
Key words: Termite, building, wooden, filtration, timbers, pakan-pakan.
[1]. Bordereau, C. Robert, A. Van Tuyen, V. & Peppuy, A. (1997). Suicidal defensive behavior by frontal gland dehiscence in Globitermes sulphureus Haviland soldiers (Isoptera)". Insectes Sociaux 44 (3): 289–297.
[2]. D Lobeck, A.K. (1939). The evolution of fungus-growing termites and their mutualistic fungal symbionts . Geomorphology: An introduction to the study of landscape. McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York.
[3]. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. Retrieved 19 November 2007
[4]. Engel, M.S. and K. Krishna (2004). Family-group names for termites (Isoptera)". American Museum Novitates
[5]. Evans T.A, Lai J.C.S, Toledano E, McDowall L, Rakotonarivo S, Lenz M. Termites assess wood size by using vibration signals.

Author Name :: Ezeagu C.A. || Onunkwo R.C.
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 49-92
The work exposes the fundamentals of the plastic and elastic theory of analysis and degree, in order to sensitize its use. This work also compares the use of plastic method of structural analysis and elastic method of structural analysis using a complex truss system being acted upon by mobile load as a case study. This project disputes the common fact that only the elastic method of analysis is used to analyse mobile loads on truss systems by introducing stipulated steps in plastic method of analysis for analyzing truss systems carrying mobile loads. This project deals with the creation of a computer application that analyzes and designs structural trusses. This program was created using the relatively new C# programming language. The project also discusses various theoretical analysis techniques that can be implemented in developing a computer program. The main theoretical methods used in this project are influence line analysis and plastic method of analysis of mobile loads. The Reinforced concrete design is based on the EC3 code. The project solved the reactions on each member using the influence line analysis for truss system by taking cognizance of the position of the mobile load (at position x = 2a), at a particular time. The complex truss system was analysed using the plastic method by unpinning the members of the truss system to form a frame and beams, for easy analysis. This project designed the complex system using the current code for design regulation i.e. the Euro codes. The bracing members were analysed and designed as a beam, fixed at the both ends and also at the middle. The results obtained from the research of this work shows that the influence line analysis generates higher axial forces on members which include; FC – D = W28a22hkN (compression), FC – I, and FC – J = W2a a2+h2hkN both in compression and tension, then FC – J =W2a3 kN (Tension) and 4W2a3 kN (compression) and FJ – I = 3W2a2h kN than the axial forces generated using the plastic analysis method which also include; Jy=W3a+Mpa(kN) (maximum compressive axial force on vertical strut members), Ix=11Mp−2W3a−2W4h2h kN tension and W4kN tension for both the lower chord and the top chord respectively, when acted upon by the same magnitude of imposed live loads of W2kN. This is so because the plastic method of analysis involves a lot of assumptions that makes it yet not advisable to be used in the analyses of trusses carrying mobile loads.
keywords: Analysis, Elasticity, Load, Plasticity, and system.
[1]. Aanicai C., (2013). Postelastic Structural Analysis. Hyperstatic structures,Gh. Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Department of structural Mechanics, 167 pp.
[2]. Brettle M E and Brown D G, (2011). Steel Building Design: Worked examples for students. In accordance with Eurocodesand the UK National Annexes.Published by:The Steel Construction Institute Silwood ParkAscotBerkshire SL5 7QN, 257pp.
[3]. Brockenbrough Roger L. and Merritt Frederick (1999). STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGNER‟S HANDBOOK Third Edition. McGRAW-HILL, INC. Books, USA. 1201 pp.
[4]. Buick Davison and Graham W. Owens, (2003). Steel Designers manual 6th edition. The steel Construction Institute 1370 pp.
[5]. Chakrabarty J, (2006). Theory of Plasticity. Third edition, Published by Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann. 1230 pp.

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