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Current Issue [Vol. 03, No. 03] [March 2017]


Paper Title :: A Comparative Study on Stock Market Time Series Data Index Analysis by Various Neuro Fuzzy Models Using Tracking Signal Approach
Author Name :: Ashok Kumar D || MuruganS
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-20
This study proposed a novel Neuro Fuzzy model with Tracking Signal (TS) approach for forecasting the closing index of the stock market. A novel approach strives to adjust the number of hidden neurons of a Multi-Layer Feed Forward Neural Network (MLFFNN), Nonlinear Auto Regressive eXogenous Neural Network (NARXNN) and Fuzzy Time Series (FTS) model. It uses the Tracking Signal (TS) and rejects all models which result in values outside the interval. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is seen to be a step ahead of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE100) closing index of Indian stock market. This novel approach reduces the over-fitting problem, neural network structure, training time, fast in convergence speed and improves forecasting accuracy. In addition, the present approach has been compared with different MLFFNN, NARXNN, FTS-MLFFNN and FTS-NARXNN model and identified the neuron counts in the hidden layer for every model which leads to reduce over-fitting and under-fitting problem. The experimental result shows that the FTS-NARXNN with TS approach outperformed other model and it produced 99.57% accuracy.
Keywords: NARXNN model, MLFFNN model, Performance Analysis, Fuzzy Time Series Data, Tracking Signal, Forecasting.
[1]. Abbas Vahedi, 2012. The predicting stock price using articial neural network. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research 2 (3), 2325-2328.
[2]. AdebiyiAyodele, A., Ayo Charles, K., Adebiyi Marion, O., &Otokiti Sunday O., 2012.Stockprice prediction using neural network with hybridized marketindicators.Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences 3 (1), 1-9.
[3]. Ashok kumar, D. &Murugan, S., 2013. Performance analysis of indian stock market index using neural network time series models. IEEE Explore Digital Library ISBN : 978-1-4673-5843-9, 72-78.
[4]. Ashok kumar, D. &Murugan, S., 2014. Performance analysis of mlp neural network back propagation training algorithms for time series data. IEEE Explore Digital Library ISBN: 978-1-4799-2876-7, 114-119.
[5]. Balestrassi, P.P., Popova, E., Paiva, A.P., &MarangonLima J.W., 2009.Design of experiments on neuralnetworks training for nonlinear time seriesforecasting.Neurocomputing 72, 1160-1178.

Paper Title :: Electromagnetic Blood Flow meter: Review
Author Name :: Meseret N.Teferra
Country :: Australia
Page Number :: 21-26
Currently, there are many widely used methods for measuring blood flow. However, this report focuses on one such technique: electromagnetic blood flow meters (specifically alternating current electromagnetic blood flow meters). It begins by looking in to the brief theoretical overview followed by the explanation of the two most common electromagnetic blood flow meters: sine wave electromagnetic blood flow meters and square wave electromagnetic blood flow meters. After dictating the probe design limitations and possible sources of errors, the paper compares electromagnetic blood flow meters with other methods. It highlights the physiological and medical correlations.It also elucidates the use and application of electromagnetic blood flow meters and finally concludes that, if used properly, electromagnetic blood flow meters are one of the most reliable blood flow measurement techniques.
Keywords: Blood Flow, Flow measurement, Electromagnetism, Probe design, physiological parameters.
[1]. Cobbold, R. (1974). Transducers for biomedical measurements: principle and applications. Toronto: a Wiley – International Publication.
[2]. Cromwell, L., Weibell, F., Pfeiffer, E., & Usselman, L. (1973). Biomedical instrumentation and measurements. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice – Hall Inc.
[3]. The Free Medical Dictionary. Retrieved March 20, 2012, from <http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/blood+flow>.
[4]. Khandpur, R. (2009). Hand book of biomedical instrumentation. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
[5]. Kolin, A. (1959). Electromagnetic blood flow meters: implantable flow transducers facilitate circulatory studies in conscious and free-moving animals. Science, 130.

Paper Title :: Seamless Wireless Design With Single Service Set Identifier and Single Sign On UsingKerio Control
Author Name :: Sardjoeni Moedjiono || Nada Maulana || Aries Kusdaryono
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 27-34
In the development of technologies that exist today and particular in the areas of networking, wireless technology began to be taken into account to develop the infrastructure in the industry, academia and the public. In an enterprise, Wi-Fi transmitter or access point can be installed more than 10-15 AP in it. The number of access points is proportional to the number of service set identification (SSID). The technological advances of the routers and access points can be combined to build a wireless controller to resolve the problem. Wireless controller also serves to ease the process of access points, took over the facility Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Security Password. By establishing a seamless wireless system with a single SSID, it can produce a quality network that include user activity when roaming and allows network administrators to perform monitoring and maintenance.
Keywords: Deadlock, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Security Password, Service Set Identification, Wireless Controller
[1] PUSKAKOM, 2014. Profil Pengguna Internet di Indonesia.
[2] IEEE, 2012. IEEE Standards Association, Wireless LAN. [Online] Available at: http://standards.ieee.org/about/get/802/802.11.html[Accessed 16 July 2016].
[3] Singh, J., 2009. Quality of Service in Wireless LAN Using OPNET MODELER. Patiala:Computer Science and Engineering Department Thapar University.
[4] Towidjojo, R., 2013. Mikrotik Kung Fu. Kitab 2 ed. s.l.:Jasakom.
[5] Lacoma, T., 2009. What Is Seamless Roaming?. [Online] Available at: http://www.ehow.com/about_6324648_seamless-roaming_.html [Accessed 20 August 2016].

Paper Title :: Development of Team-compromised Instrument for Group Decision-making using Modified Nominal Group Technique
Author Name :: G. O. Odu || O. E. Charles-Owaba
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 35-46
Team approach to Design, the norm in Concurrent Engineering, has a few hitches. The difficulty by different professionals in a team agreeing on contentious design specifications is one such problem. On critical examination, conflicts appear to emanate from the following: Strong professional-leaning of individual stakeholders; Stakeholders' lack of comprehensive information on the product/component requirements at design decision point; Adoption of "village community" style of design decision-making process; and Individual team member's mistrust of Team leaders in the design decision process. This article reviews the research on the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) and presents a modified version of the NGT in developing a team-compromised instrument for decision-making. The team members provide data of matrix used to compute consensus values for a set of weights, thereby avoiding possible team conflicts.
Keywords: Team-compromise, Decision making, design criteria, nominal group technique
[1]. Abdullah M. B., and Rafikul I., 2011.Nominal Group Technique and its Applications in Managing Quality in Higher Education.Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences.
[2]. Abdullah M. B., and Rafikul I., 2011.Nominal Group Technique and its Applications in Managing Quality in Higher Education.Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences.
[3]. Anderson J., 2000.A Survey of Multi-objective Optimisation in Engineering Design.Technical Report, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden.
[4]. Burrows T., Findley N., Killen C., Dempsey S. E., Hunter S., Chiarelli P., and Snodgrass S. (2011). Using Nominal Group Technique to Develop a Consensus Derived Model for Peer Review of Teaching Across a Multi-school Faculty, 8:2
[5]. Delbecq A.L., Van de Ven A.H., and Gustafson D.H. (1975). Group Techniques for Programs Planning: A Guide to Nominal Group and Delphi Process. Glenview, IL: Scott-Foresman.

Paper Title :: Relationship between Nominal Group Techniques and Concurrent Engineering: A Review
Author Name :: Godwin Oghenewiroro Odu
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 47-62
Recent emphasis on concurrent engineering illustrates the need to integrate all aspects of design, marketing, finance, and production simultaneously into engineering decision-making processes. Most concurrent engineering efforts focus on improving communication by collocating and dedicating development teams. One such way of achieving team spirit is to use nominal group technique as one of the best decision-making techniques to facilitate the joint work among team members in order to reach consensus, assigning importance that reflects each individual member's preferences. To resolve the need for effective group decision-making techniques in dealing with team-oriented characteristics, there is need to take a look at the relationship between the nominal group technique and concurrent engineering in achieving group consensus without creating conflicts.
Keywords: Concurrent engineering, Group decision-making, Nominal group technique, Consensus, Design team, Product development process
[1]. Abdalla, H. S. (1998). A Concurrent Engineering Constraint-Based System. Computers and Engineering, vol. 35, Nos 3-4 Pg. 459-462.
[2]. Abdullah, M. M., Islam, R. (2011). Nominal Group Technique and its Applications in Managing Quality in Higher Education. Pak. Journal of Commercial &Social Sciences. Vol. 5 (1), Pg. 81-99.
[3]. Bandecchi M., Melton, B., Ongaro F. (1999). Concurrent Engineering Applied to Space Mission Assessment and Design. Esa bulletin 99. [4]. Beywl W., Potter P. (1998). RENOMO – A Design Tool for Evaluations. Designing Evaluations REsponsive to Stakeholders' Interests by Working with NOminal Groups using the Moderation method. SAGE Publications, London, (Thousand Oaks and New Delhi) , vol. 4 (1), pg. 53-71
[5]. Bogus, M. S., Molenaar, R. K., Diekmann, E. J. (2005). Concurrent Engineering Approach to Reducing Design Delivery Time. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management ASCE, Vol. 131, No. 11, pg. 1179-1184.

Paper Title :: STRENGTH AND ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF BRICK MASONRY INFILL AT VARIOUS ANGLES INCLINED TO BED JOINT
Author Name :: Niranjana N || Arunkumar A S
Country :: India
Page Number :: 63-76
Increasing rate of population and land value demands multi-storeyed buildings for their comforts and need. Most of multi-storeyed buildings are designed as masonry in-filled (MI) reinforced concrete (RC) framed structure. However, these structures are safe under normal loading condition; their lateral load resisting capacity is low. Also, it is well known from the past researches that MI does influence the lateral loading capacity of the structure positively. But, the current design method does not include the influence of MI. Several researchers have succeeded to develop a relation using diagonal strut method however, it‟s accuracy is still a challenge since, the current code considers strength and elastic properties of masonry perpendicular to bed joint. But, the information on the strength and elastic behaviour of MI when loaded at an inclination to bed joint is inadequate. The present experimental investigation attempts to study the strength and elastic properties of brick masonry infill at various loading angles with respect to bed joint which has been presented in detail.
Keywords: MI-RC frame, loading inclination to bed joint, strength and elastic properties of MI.
[1]. Niranjana N, "Strength and Elastic Properties of Brick Masonry Infill at Various Angles Inclined to Bed Joint", MTech thesis, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, Submitted to VTU Jul-2015.
[2]. W.W.El-Dakhakhni, M.Elagaaly, and A.A.Hamid, "Three Strut Model for Concrete Masonry-Infilled Steel Frames", Journal of Structural Engineering, 129(2), 2003, 177-185.
[3]. KashifMahmud,Md.Rashadul Islam and Md.Al-Amin, "Study the Reinforced Concrete Frame With Brick Masonry Infill due to Lateral Loads",International Journal of Civil &Enviornmental Engineering, Vol:10 No:04 August 2010.
[4]. K.S.Nanjunda Rao and G.S.Pavan, "FRP-Confined Clay Brick Masonry Assemblages under Axial Compression: Experimental and Analytical Investigations", Journal of Composites for Construction, ASCE, Feb-2015.
[5]. S.V.Polyakov, "On the interaction between masonry infill walls and enclosing frame when loaded in plane of the wall", Earthquake Engineering, Earthquake Research Institute, San Francisco, 1960.

Paper Title :: Poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) an ideal biomaterial for cornea replacement
Author Name :: Meseret N.Teferra
Country :: Australia
Page Number :: 77-82
When the optical properties of the corneal is lost due to varieties of disorders, different procedures are applied so as to restore vision that can be reshaping the cornea, transplanting from a deceased donor or replacing the damaged cornea by synthetic ones (keratoprostheses). Currently, there are different materials used for keratoprostheses, however, this paper presents a new biomaterial for cornea replacement. It begins by looking in to the brief anatomy of the cornea followed by explanation of its biomechanical properties. After dictating the optical properties of the cornea, the paper elaborates associated diseases and disorders. It also suggests a suitable novel biomaterial and finally concludes that due to its good optical transparency and tunable refractive index, nontoxicity and biocompatibility, high gas permeability and good tensile strength PDMS can be an ideal biomaterial for cornea replacement.
Key words: Cornea, Biomaterial, PDMS, optical property, diseases of the cornea.
[1]. 2010, Hydrophobic Material Enables Development of Artificial Cornea [Online]. Last Updated 25, May 2010 Available: http://medtechinsider.com/archives/14736 [Accessed October 21, 2013 2013].
[2]. 2013, Cornea [Online]. Wikipedia, Last Updated 15, October 2013, Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornea [Accessed 18, October 2013].
[3]. Alvaro Mata, Aaron J. Fleischman & Roy, S., 2005, 'Characterization of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) Properties for Biomedical MicroNanosystems'. Biomedical Microdevices [Peer Reviewed Journal] [Online], Vol. 7 (4), Available: http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/701/art%253A10.1007%252Fs10544-005-6070-2.pdf?auth66=1382704342_d3e8b41130163b38ebfa2cde6b61d819&ext=.pdf [Accessed 29, September 2013].
[4]. Andrew W. Lloyd, Richard G.A. Faragher & Denyer, S. P., 2001, 'Ocular biomaterials and implants '. Journal of Biomaterials [Peer Reviewed Journal] [Online], Vol. 22 (8), Available: http://ac.els-cdn.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/S0142961200002374/1-s2.0-S0142961200002374-main.pdf?_tid=40660574-2f08-11e3-99f1-00000aab0f02&acdnat=1381120003_52172a6593514beb245280bfe2c9bdf4 [Accessed 29, September 2013].
[5]. Christopher Liu, Bobby Paul, Radhika Tandon, Edward Lee, Ken Fong, Ioannis Mavrikakis, Jim Herold, Simon Thorp, Paul Brittain, Ian Francis, Colin Ferrett, Chris Hull, Andrew Lloyd, David Green, Valerie Franklin, Brian Tighe, Masahiko Fukuda & Hamada, S., n.d., 'The Osteo-Odonto-Keratoprosthesis (OOKP)'. Seminars in Ophthalmology [Online], Vol. Available: http://www.sjsupport.org/pdf/eye_info/Seminars_OOKP_PDF_5.05.pdf [Accessed 29, September 2013].

Paper Title :: ISO 14971 - Medical Device Risk Management Standard
Author Name :: Meseret N. Teferra
Country :: Australia
Page Number :: 83-87
Even if there are slight variations, different countries set strict regulation procedures on medical devices so as to secure safety of patients and users. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is responsible government body, which administers medical devices regulation in Australia. One of the core aspects mentioned under TGA regulation is compliance to ISO 14971 – medical devices risk management standard. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to elaborate the importance of ISO 14971 – medical devices risk management standard, in the medical world. Beginning with a succinct introduction, the paper clearly provides scrutiny information about the aim and structure of the standard. It also shows the impact of the standard on ICT and Engineering practices and finally it concludes that, if implemented properly, ISO 14971 prevents customers from impending hazards by providing effective risk management procedures.
Keywords: Medical device, risk management, risk analysis, risk mitigation, standards
[1]. 2004, What is Risk Mitigation? [Online]: Risk Mitigation Associates, Available: http://www.riskmitigationassoc.com/cgs.aspx?id=wirm1[Accessed August 31, 2012].
[2]. 2007, ISO 14971 [Online], International organization for standardization (ISO) Available:http://www.isosert.ru/isosert_iso_14971.pdf[Accessed August 8, 2012].
[3]. 2011a, Australian regulatory guidelines for medical devices (ARGMD) [Online], Available: http://www.tga.gov.au/pdf/devicesargmd.pdf[Accessed August 10, 2012].
[4]. 2011b, why do we need standards? [Online]: European Telecommunications Standards Institute - ETSI Available: http://www.etsi.org/WebSite/Standards/WhyWeNeedStandards.aspx [Accessed August 17, 2012].
[5]. 2012a, ISO 14971 Medical Devices [Online]: The British Standards Institution Available: http://www.bsigroup.ca/enca/assessmentandcertification/managementsystems/standards-schemes/iso14971/[Accessed August 24, 2012].

Paper Title :: The Bull Whip Effect in Supply Chain Management - The Indian Scenario
Author Name :: Pala Suriya kala || Ravi Aditya
Country :: India
Page Number :: 88-91
This Paper tries to explore the Bull whip Effect in the Supply chain Management scenario in India irrespective of the product or sector. Has the Indian scenario for various supply chains seen this phenomenon? Also the paper tries explore this effect on the industry and its implications in the Indian scenario. The major factor that has changed since the time this effect was discussed in the 1960s is the information technology integration across the supply chain management with ERP, automated sales force, and big data. These have changed the face of business altogether especially the supply chain management scenario across the world. The paper tries to explore whether the onset of information technology has reduced the bull whip effect across supply chains which is one of the major objectives of this paper
Keywords: Bull Whip effect, Supply Chain management, Enterprise Resource solutions, Demand Forecasting.
[1]. Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P., &Simchi-Levi, E., 1999, Designing and Managing the Supply Chain.
[2]. Modeling the Bullwhip Effect in a Multi-Stage Multi-Tier Retail Network by Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets Bidyut Biman Sarkar Agostino Cortesi Nabendu Chaki
[3]. Managing Bull Whip effect-Two Case Studies-N. Ravichandran W.P.NO.2006-08-01,IIMA
[4]. Lee, H., P. Padmanabhan and S. Whang, ''The Bullwhip Effect in Supply Chains,"
[5]. Sloan Management Review, 38 (1997a), 93-102.

Paper Title :: A SURVEY PAPER ON SINGLE IMAGE DEHAZING
Author Name :: Karthika P B
Country :: India
Page Number :: 92-94
Imaging in poor weather is often severely degraded by scattering due to suspended particles in the atmosphere such as haze, fog and mist. Poor visibility becomes a major problem for most outdoor vision applications. This paper discusses about various haze removal algorithms that provides better efficiency in order to retrieve the original image.
[1]. C. O. Ancuti, C. Ancuti, C. Hermans, and P. Bekaert, "A fast semiinverse approach to detect and remove the haze from a single image," in Proc. Asian Conf. Comput. Vis. (ACCV), 2010, pp. 501–514.
[2]. G. F. Meng, Y. Wang, J. Duan, S. Xiang, and C. Pan, "Efficient image dehazing with boundary constraint and contextual regularization," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Vis. (ICCV), Dec. 2013, pp. 617–624
[3]. K. He, J. Sun, and X. Tang, "Single image haze removal using dark channel prior," IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell., vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 2341–2353, Dec. 2011.
[4]. K. Nishino, L. Kratz, and S. Lombardi, "Bayesian defogging," Int. J. Comput. Vis., vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 263–278, Jul. 2012.
[5]. Qingsong Zhu, Jiaming Mai, and Ling Shao, "A Fast Single Image Haze Removal Algorithm Using Color Attenuation Prior" IEEE transactions on image processing, vol. 24, no. 11, november 2015

Paper Title :: Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES): Review
Author Name :: Meseret N.Teferra
Country :: Australia
Page Number :: 95-101
Action potential from the control system (central nervous system) travels along the axons of motor neurons to innervate muscle cells and so as to cause muscle contraction in a coordinated fashion, though cardiac muscles are self-excitable; sinoatrial (SA) node is responsible to generate the impulse for contraction of cardiac muscles. Nerve related diseases stroke and spinal cord lesions result loss of the peripheral nerves system, which stimulate the muscular system. In this case, scholars developed a technique called functional electrical stimulation (FES) to replicate the role of motor neurons for activation of muscle cells). Highlighting what functional electrical stimulations are, the paper tries to elaborate the working principle behind FES followed by their applications. Dictating the current technologies and associated future works, it finally draws a succinct conclusion.
Keywords: FES, Neuromuscular stimulation, Electrode, myelinated fiber, unmyelinated fiber
[1]. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) fact sheet [Online], 2012. Multiple Sclerosis Trust, Last Updated August 22, 2013, Available: http://www.mstrust.org.uk/information/publications/factsheets/fes.jsp [Accessed November 18, 2013].
[2]. Functional electrical stimulation [Online], n.d. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Last Updated October 30, 2013 Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_electrical_stimulation [Accessed November 18, 2013].
[3]. Eric P. Widmaier, Kershel Raff & K. T.Strang, 2011, Vander's Human Physiology, 12 ed., New York McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. .
[4]. Holsheimer, J., 1998, 'Concepts and Methods in Neuromodulation and Functional Electrical Stimulation: An Introduction '. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, 1998 [Peer Reviewed Journal] [Online], Vol. 1 (2), Available: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/store/10.1111/j.1525-1403.1998.tb00018.x/asset/j.1525-1403.1998.tb00018.x.pdf?v=1&t=ho711jv4&s=4c10d285072a055f80de0016f1a9efe3297c3667 [Accessed September 15, 2013].
[5]. Jaakko Malmivuo & R. Plonsey 1995, Bioelectromagnetism Available: http://www.bem.fi/book/in/dw.htm [Accessed September 15, 2013].

Paper Title :: Malware Detection Techiniques and Tools for Android Mobile – A Brief Review
Author Name :: Dr. Bhaskar V. Patil || Dr. Rahul J. Jadhav
Country :: India
Page Number :: 102-105
Android has the biggest market share among all Smartphone operating system. The number of devices running with the Android operating system has been on the rise. By the end of 2012, it will account for nearly half of the world's Smartphone market. Along with its growth, the importance of security has also risen. Security is one of the main concerns for Smartphone users today. As the power and features of Smartphone's increase, so has their vulnerability for attacks by viruses etc. Perhaps android is more secured operating system than any other Smartphone operating system today. Android has very few restrictions for developer, increases the security risk for end users. Antivirus Android apps remain one of the most popular types of applications on Android. Some people either like having that extra security or just want to be extra cautious just in case and there is nothing wrong with that. In this list, we'll check out the best antivirus Android apps and anti-malware apps on Android! The efficacies of these applications have not been empirically established. This paper analyzes some of the security tools written for the Android platform to gauge their effectiveness at mitigating spyware and malware.
Keywords: Virus, Security threats, Android smartphone security, Internet, Malware
[1] Tiwari Mohini, Srivastava Ashish Kumar and Gupta Nitesh, Review on Android and Smartphone Security, Research Journal of Computer and Information Technology Sciences, Vol. 1(6), 12-19, November (2013), Page No- 12-19
[2] Yajin Zhou, Xuxian Jiang, "Dissecting Android Malware: Characterization and Evolution," Proceedings of the 33rd IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland 2012), San Francisco, CA, May2012
[3] Technology, "Architecture of Android OS" techneology.com, Nov 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.techneology.com/2011/11/architecture-of-android-os.html.
[4] Android developer, Android-SDK. [Online]. Available: http://developer.android.com/sdk/index.html
[5] A Survey of Malware Detection Techniques, Nwokedi Idika, Aditya P. Mathur, Department of Computer Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, Page 1 - 48

Paper Title :: USE OF MAST AND REMOTE SENSING DATA FOR WIND RESOURCE ASSESSMENT IN KENYA
Author Name :: Victor S Indasi || Lynch M || McGann B || Sutton J, Yu F || Jeanneret F
Country :: Australia
Page Number :: 106-115
The main goal of this study was to characterize the winds at Lake Turkana wind energy site using both mast and Doppler LIDAR measurements. The methods used to achieve this objective include the Advanced LIDAR data volume processing technique (ALVPT), time series, correlation and error analysis. Data was collected at 3 masts: Kalkumpei, Nyiru and Sirima using cup anemometers and wind vanes for the entire year, 2009. The Doppler Lidar collected data for 2 weeks from 11th to 24th July 2009. The annual average wind speed at the 3 masts is: 10.44m/s, 10.75m/s & 11.10m/s respectively while the predominant wind direction is south east. Comparison between mast and Lidar measurements was computed during LIDAR data period. The difference between Doppler LIDAR and mast wind speed means is small, the mean standard deviations for both instruments are in close agreement - 0.33, 0.05 & 0.47 and the Correlation is 0.9, 0.6 & 0.73 for Kalkumpei, Nyiru and Sirima respectively. The windspeed derived from Doppler LIDAR datawasoutputintoa20kmby20kmgriddomainandoverlayedona digitalterrainmodel to create a wind atlas map. This map provides a useful productthat can be used to evaluate Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program (WAsP) generated wind atlases. LIDAR being mobile has shown great potential to assess winds accurately at any particular site for a range of heights over an area of ~ 200 km2 and with high radial resolution [~150 m]. Use of Doppler LIDAR for wind assessment is still maturing. Equipment configuration and software changes especially the ALVPT may affect measurement quality and accuracy of retrieved wind speed and direction.
Keywords: LIDAR measurements, mast measurements, resource assessment, wind energy.
[1]. Kirai, P. 2009. Energy Systems: Vulnerability–Adaptation–Resilience (VAR) in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Helio International/Kenya.
[2]. Oludhe, C. 2008. Assessment and Utilization of Wind Power in Kenya – A Review. J.Kenya Meteorol. Soc., 2, 39–52.
[3]. Muthuri, F. M., Ikumi, P. & Msafiri, F. 2009. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Summary. Nairobi, Kenya: LTWP.
[4]. Theuri, D. 2008. Solar and wind energy resource assessment in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: SWERA.
[5]. Kinuthia, J. H. & Asnani, G. C. 1982. A Newly Found Jet in North Kenya (Turkana Channel). Mon. Wea. Rev, 110, 1722–1728.

Paper Title :: Optimized Design of 2nd order tap 25 Digital Differentiator Using Genetic Algorithm
Author Name :: Anantnag V Kulkarni || Dr.Vinita V. Sondur
Country :: India
Page Number :: 116-119
Digital Differentiator is a important signal processing tool. It is found in many applications, from low frequency biomedical equipment to high frequency radars. New developing fields such as touch screen tablets and online signature verification also has digital differentiators as basic building block. In this paper the design of second order digital differentiator is presented using one of the optimization techniques Genetic Algorithm. In this paper we have compared Genetic algorithm to McClellan Parks algorithm for second order digital differentiator of filter length twenty five.
Keywords: GA, FIR, DDs
[1]. C.A.Rahenkamp and B.V.K.Vijay Kumar, "Modification to the McCellan,Parks and Rabiner", Computer Program for Designing Higher order Differentiating FIR Filters",IEEE Transactions Acoutics,Speech and Signal Processing,vol Assp-34,No.6,December 1986,pp 1671-1674
[2]. S.C.Pei and J.J.Shyu, "Eigen Filter Design of Higher Order Digital Differentiators" ,IEEE Transactions,Acoustics,Speech and Signal Processing,vol 37,No.4,April 1989,pp 505-511
[3]. M.R.R.Reddy, B.Kumar and S.C.Dutta Roy , "Design of Second and Higher Order FIR Digital Differentiator for Low Frequencies", IEEE Transactions,Acoustics,Speech and Signal Processing,vol 20,No.3,April 1990, pp 219-225
[4]. S.Sunder and R.P.Ramachandran, , "Least-Squares Design of Higher Order Nonrecursive Differentiator", IEEE Transactions,Acoustics,Speech and Signal Processing,vol 42,No.11,Nov 1995, pp 711-716
[5]. Shian-Tang, Tzeng,Hung-Ching Lu, "Genetic Algorithm Approach for Design of Higher Order Digital Differentiators", IEEE Transactions,Acoustics,Speech and Signal Processing,vol 79,No 1999, pp 175-186

Paper Title :: 'Make in India': Balanced or Unbalanced Development
Author Name :: Dr. Sheetal Arun Khandre
Country :: India
Page Number :: 120-124
Speed, inclusion and sustainability will be key elements to achieve our national growth targets, ensuring that change occurs across multiple sectors and population segments. Businesses in India have a major opportunity to help improve performance on each vector. Players who can craft solutions to support such performance improvement can reap benefits including entry into new markets, increased revenues and a much stronger market position than competitors.
[1]. Datta Sukamal, Datta Abhik, "Make in India Initiative and FDI: Challenges Ahead", www.world-finance-conference.com/papers_wfc/170.pdf.
[2]. Khandelwal N. M., Gupta Lalit (2015), "Make in India Vs Make in India", Pacific Business Review International, Volume 7, Issue 11, May 2015, pp: 105-108
[3]. Mukherjee Atri (2011), "Regional Inequality in Foreign Direct Investment Flows in India: The Problem and Prospects," Reserve Bank of India Occasional Papers, Vol. 32, No. 2, Monsoon 2011, pp: 99-127
[4]. Sahoo Pravakar (2014), "Making India an Attractive Investment Destination: Analyzing FDI Policy and Challenges", The National Bureau of Asian Research: Trade, Economic and Energy Affairs, December 2014, pp: 1-19.

Paper Title :: State of the Art of SCM and TRM in Morocco
Author Name :: Ech-Chelfi Wiame || El Hammoumi Mohammed
Country :: Morocco
Page Number :: 125-132
Within the previous two decades there has been a significant amount of research focused on Supply Chain Management (SCM) and Road Freight Transport (TRM). This paper presents an inventory of fixtures for these two concepts, given their importance and closely related roles for the growth of any organization producing goods or services. In this article, we first tackled the different definitions assigned to the SCM in a chronological order and then we dealt with some models and references used in this framework. in the second part we approached the TRM in general by targeting recent researches carried out in order to situate ourselves in relation to them in terms of mastering and proposing solutions that can minimize the risks of TRM, and lastly we focused on the TRM case of Morocco in dealing with its regulations, its risks, its organization and its harmful environmental effects.
Keywords: SCM; QCD Triangle; TRM; SCOR model; ASLOG; EVALOG referential; sustainable development;
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