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Current Issue [Vol. 03, No. 07] [July 2017]

Paper Title :: Settlement Analysis of Piled Raft System in Soft Stratified Soils
Author Name :: Srinivasa Reddy Ayuluri || Dr. M. Kameswara Rao
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-05
To compute and compare the effect of diameter of pile, number of piles and thickness of raft on the behavior of piled raft system. They are analyzed in two Cases: Case I - developed small scale model in Plaxis 3D Software and compared Load-Settlement curves for different pile raft configurations. Case II - developed large Scale model and Compared Settlement analysis with Analytical Pile group with raft problem from Das, B.M [4]. The settlement was measured at the centre of the models of pile raft with (single, two, three, four and Group) piles. For case 1, the Settlement of piled raft decreases as the number of piles beneath the raft increases and the load carried by the piles increases with the increase in length of the pile. For case 2 the percentage difference between analytical and Plaxis results are 2 % which is considerable, in both the cases the settlement get reduced due to increase in number of piles beneath the raft.
Keywords: group piles, load-settlement, piled raft, and stratified.
[1]. Bowles, J.E., "foundation Analysis and Design", Fifth edition, McGraw-Hill", 1997. [2]. Das B.M.," Principles of foundation engineering", Seventh edition, cengagelearning, 2011.
[3]. Fumio Kuwabara, " an elastic analysis for piled raft foundations in a nonhomogeneous soil",1989.
[4]. Hameedi, M. K., "Experimental and Theoretical Study for Piled Raft Foundation in Soft Clay", Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Building and Construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq, 2011.
[5]. Poulos, H.G, "Piled raft foundations: design and applications", Geotechnique, 2001.

Paper Title :: Fabrication of Automatic Car Parking Mechanism
Author Name :: Prof. D. R. Thawkar
Country :: India
Page Number :: 06-10
This paper gives the information about the fabrication of circular automatic car parking mechanism. It is very difficult for the cars to park in such places which are very congested but with enough space to park the car. This is going to increase day by day with the increase in number of vehicles on road. This circular automatic car parking mechanism can be taken as a remedy over this issue. The project is based on electronic system which is used to lift the vehicle with the mechanism and transverse movement of the vehicle for parking will be possible with the help of this mechanism. The main advantages are that it will cover a small space to provide parking for large number of vehicles. It will go to be controlled by switches in a position which will minimize the effort of the user/driver
[1]. M Childs, "Parking Spaces; A Design, Implementation and Use Manual for Architects Planners and Engineers" McGraw-Hill, 2009.
[2]. Jun, L. Min, "Development of Elevator Intelligent Safety Control System Based on PLC", in Proc. IEEE Computational and Information Sciences (ICCIS)2013, pp.1963 – 1966, Jun 2013.
[3]. Automatic multisoried car parking system Rohan Mithari , SwanandVaze ,Sanjay

Paper Title :: Detection of NPK Ratio Level Using SVM Algorithm And Smart Agro Sensor System
Author Name :: Sabina Rahaman || Harshitha M || Anusha R || Bhargavi YR || Chandana M
Country :: India
Page Number :: 11-15
TSoil plays a major role in any plant growth .Soil properties such as Soil type, Fertilizers, pH of soil, Temperature, Humidity, Moisture are major factors which affect the crop growth .For continuous monitoring of these factors and getting accurate results modernizing the current traditional methods of agriculture is necessary. Hence Project aims at making agriculture smart using automation, image processing and Internet of things. This paper introduces a system which gives the details of all necessary soil factors to the farmer in a mobile app. The highlighting features of this system includes detection of NPK ratio using image processing SVM algorithm .Secondly automatic irrigation using soil moisture sensor .Thirdly environmental factors monitoring which includes temperature ,humidity ,pH sensors . By knowing these factors farmer can decide the best crop to be grown, monitor and maintain the plant growth for the better yield.
Keywords: NPK detection using SVM algorithm, automatic irrigation, temperature, humidity, pH sensor, Internet of things.
[1]. Colour Image Processing Approach for Nitrogen Estimation of Vineyard Published in International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research (IJASR) ISSN 2250-0057 Vol. 3, Aug 2013
[2]. Determination of Soil pH by using Digital Image Processing technique Published in International Journal of Applied and Natural Science 6 (1): 14-18 (2014)
[3]. Identification of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium Deficiencies in Rice Based on Static Scanning Technology and Hierarchical Identification Method Published in PLOS Journal, PMCID: PMC4245116, PLoS One. 2014; 9(11)
[4]. Digital image processing techniques for detecting, quantifying and classifying plant diseases Published in Springer plus. 2013; 2(1): 660. Published online 2013 Dec 7. doi: 10.1186/2193-1801-2-660
[5]. Digitally Greenhouse monitoring and controlling of System based on Embedded System Published in International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, January-2012

Paper Title :: Partial Purification and Assay of Azoreductase and Laccase in the Degradation of Reactive Black 5 Dye from Aeromonas Punctata
Author Name :: Roopa K. B. and Usha M. S.
Country :: India
Page Number :: 16-19
A strain of Aeromonas punctata isolated from textile industrial effluent was used to carry out decolourisation of Reactive Black 5 dye under aerobic condition by enzymatic activity. Both the crude extract and cell free supernatant of Aeromonas punctata was used to determine the enzymatic activity of Azoreductase and Laccase. The cell free supernatant exhibited higher enzymatic activity than the crude extract for the decolourisation of Reactive Black 5 dye. The proteins from the cell free supernatant Aeromonas punctata were subjected to partial purification by ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis and column chromatography. The molecular mass of purified enzyme determined by SDS-PAGE was found to be 65 kDa and 45 kDa for azoreductase and laccase respectively.
Key words: Aeromonas punctata, Azoreductase, Laccase, and Reactive Black 5 dye degradation.
[1]. D. M. Marmion, Handbook of US colorants. Foods, drugs, cosmetics and medical devices 3rd edition. NewYork, Wiley, 1991.
[2]. S. H. Lin, and F.C Peng, Treatment of textile wastewater by electrochemical methods, Water Research, 28, 1994, 277-282.
[3]. R. Sanghi, A. Dixit, and S. Guha, Sequential batch culture studies for the decolorisation of reactive dye by Coriolus versicolor, Bioresource Technology, 97, 2006, 396-400.
[4]. O. J. Hao, H. Kim, and P. C. Chang, Decolorization of wastewater, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 30, 2000, 449-505.
[5]. M. A. Brown, and S. C. De Uito, Predicting azo dye toxicity.Crit. Rev. Environment Science and Technology, 23, 1993, 249-324.

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