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Current Issue [Vol. 03, No. 10] [October 2017]

Paper Title :: Management and control of malodour atmospheric pollutant of public concern
Author Name :: Pramod R. Chaudhari || Pradeep Kumar Taneja
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-11
Unpleasant odour or malodour is of intense public concern all over the world. It had attracted attention scientists and managers since later half of 20th century. Many countries developed standard methods of measurement and regulation of odour, though there is no uniformity among them, as those were based on local conditions, culture and public perception. In India, the guidelines for odour monitoring and management have been developed by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB- Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change) in 2008 and 2017. Odours are caused due to volatile compounds of varied nature and emitted from large number of sources. Different malodours have graded intensity of pungent or undesirable unpleasant smell. Odours are recognized as atmospheric pollutants and subject to control and regulation in many countries. The issues of odour chemistry, monitoring, management and dispersion modeling are discussed in this paper.
Key Words: Odor, Chemistry, Sources, Regulation, Monitoring, Control, Modeling
[1]. J.A. Nicell, Assessment and Regulation of Odor Impacts, Atmospheric Environment, 43, 2009, 196-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.033
[2]. E. Gallego, C. Soriano, F.X. Roca, J.F. Perales, M. Alarcon, and X. Guardino, Identification of the origin of odor episodes through social participation, chemical control and numerical modeling, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 2008, 8150-8160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.004
[3]. L. Capelli, S. Sironi, R. Del Rossoa, P. Céntola, A. Rossi, and C. Austeri, Odor impact assessment in urban areas: Case study of the City of Terni, Proc. Environmental Sciences, 4, 2011 151-157.
[4]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2011.03.018
[5]. CPCB, Newsletter Guidelines on Odor Pollution and Its Control (Min. Environ. For Govt. of India, Parivesh Bhawan, East Arjun Nagar, Delhi 110032, 2008).

Paper Title :: Water, the Backbone of Life and Economic Stability
Author Name :: Mr. Mpumelelo Dolo || Prof. Dhiren Allopi
Country :: South Africa
Page Number :: 12-14
Water is essential for human life, development and environmental, but it is a finite and vulnerable resource which has qualitative limitation and quantitative vulnerability (Lalzad, 2007). The mere fact that in most of the cases, it is easily accessible, exposes it to some vulnerability to a certain extent. It has a potential of getting misused and ultimately arrive to a point where it gets finished from its source, particularly during non-raining periods. Its significance is generally not being recognized by most people, particularly those who have not yetbeen exposed to its scarcity. CES (2007) states that, the importance of water to human life is ranked second, following after oxygen. Water availability always goes hand in hand with water quality. Water of poor quality isa health hazard and require purification before use. Purification which comes at an expense, hence it's often not done by people in rural areas, due to their non-affordability,ultimately making them daily victims of water related illnesses. Bigas et al (2012), talks about water, as a base of health, nutrition, equity, well-being and economic progress, particularly in developing countries. Important factors such as good health and well-being are the results of qualitative water. Water of bad quality is highlyinfectious and risk to human nature and livestock. On the other hand, development of any kind is, somehow dependent on the availability of water. UNDESA (2015) states that, water is at the core of sustainable development and critical for socio-economic development, healthy ecosystem and for human survival. Development is also associated with economic growth, hence without development the economy is very much likely to collapse. In the process of development, jobs opportunities are created, hence improved economy is eventually achieved during the whole process. According to Irina Nokova, the director general of UNESCO, water and jobs are inextricably linked on various levels, whether we look at them from an economic, environmental or social perspective (UNWWAP, 2016).
Keywords: Human Life, Water Quality,Development, Economy
[1]. Bigas, H., Morris, T., Standford, B and Adeel Z, 2012, the Global Water Crisis: Addressing an Urgent Security Issue, Paper for the Interaction Council, 2011-2012, Hamilton, Canada: UNU-INWEH
[2]. CES (Cooperative Extension Services), 2007, the Importance of Water, College of Tropical Agricultural and Human Resources, University of Hawwai, Manoa
[3]. DWS (Department of Water and Sanitation), 2017, Media Statement: Dam Levels decreased Slightly Again, Dep of Water and Sanitation, Republic of South Africa
[4]. Frankel T C, 2015, New NASA data show how the world is running out of water, NASA, The Washington Posts, Washington
[5]. ISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), 2007, Drought, Desertification and Water Scarcity, Geneva

Paper Title :: Technology Enhanced Language Teaching in Preparatory Classes
Author Name :: Deniz Yalçınkaya
Country :: Turkey
Page Number :: 18-24
ICT is considered to have the power to improve teaching and learning (Lundall et al., 2000; Hardman, 2005; Louw et al., 2008). Actually, not only in Turkey but anywhere all round the world ICT using has not gathered enough attention to teacher education that is engaged with teaching foreign languages. There have been some applications about e-learning but not widened and received significant attention. Distance learning is under construction in Turkey, and a few universities have been dealing with the blended learning. In these universities that are open universities they are giving lessons as online (e-learning) as a part of blended learning besides class education and class is a part of their teaching programme. However, we need more considerable attempts to the broadening of ICT using in classes, particularly in Language classes.
[1]. Aisha Walker Goodith White , Technology Enhanced Language Learning , Oxford Un. Press ) 2013Connecting Theory and Practice
[2]. Ben –Jacob. Levin & ben – Jacob. 2000; Rogers, 2000 The Application of ICT in teaching and learning has the potential to change educational practices in significant ways.
[3]. Hardman, J. (2005) An exploratory case study of computer use in a primary school mathematics classroom: New technology, new pedagogy? Perspectives in Education, 23 (4), pp.99- 111.
[4]. International Journal of Education and Development using Informatio and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 2012, Vol. 8, Issue 2, pp. 107-119. Educator discourses on ICT in education: A critical analysis
[5]. Journal of Educational Technology& Society, Vol. 5, NO. 1, Integrating Technology into Learning and Working (Part 1) (January 2002), pp. 23-34 pub. Published by : International Forum of Educational Technology & Society

Paper Title :: Targeting Gamma Secretase with Natural Compounds from Zinc Database-An Insilico Approach
Author Name :: Anju Elizabeth Thomas || J. Poornima
Country :: India
Page Number :: 25-34
Alzheimer disease is a chronic degenerative neurological disorder which contributes to dementia condition in about 60% to 70% of Alzheimer patients. The causative agent for Alzheimer disease is the deposition of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide which results in neural toxicity, deterioration of memory, cognitive and behavioural changes. According to statistics about 2.11 million of Indian population and 5.3 million of US population is facing the problem related to Alzheimer disease. Gamma secretase is the enzyme involved for unusual production of Aβ42 and has four subunits in it namely APH-1, Presenilin, Pen-2 and Nicastrin. The options available till date have not been too effective for Alzheimer patients. This work mainly focuses in screening of potential zinc modulators which would aid better living for the Alzheimer patients. The structure prediction, binding site prediction, docking and analysing the ADMET properties for the zinc compounds were done using various effective and efficient bioinformatics online tools available at authorised sites. The modulators screened in this work served for overcoming the disadvantages of the existing options and providing a new view to focus in terms of treating the Alzheimer disease.
[1]. Artero S, Tierney MC, Touchon J, Ritchie K (2003). "Prediction of transition from cognitive impairment to senile dementia: a prospective, longitudinal study." ActaPsychiatricaScandinavica.107(5):390-3.
[2]. Barbara Tate, Timothy (2012)" Modulation of Gamma-Secretase for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease"International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease Volume, Article ID 210756.
[3]. Berman, H.M, (2000)"The Protein Data Bank" Nucleic Acids Res. 28, 235–242.
[4]. Dickson,D.W, (2008) " Neuropathological diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a perspective from longitudinal clinic pathological studies" Neurobiol. Aging 18, S21–S26.
[5]. Fara DC, Oprea TI, Prossnitz ER, Bologa CG, Edwards BS, Sklar LA (2003). "Integration of virtual and physical screening".Drug Discovery Today: Technologies.3(4):377-85.

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