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Vol. 1, No. 3 [August 2015]:

Author Name :: J.A. Ige || S.O. Ajamu
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 01-11
This study deals with the stabilization of sandy soils through the application of fly ash. Soil stabilization simply means the permanent physical and chemical alteration of soils to enhance their physical and engineering properties. The main aim of this study is to determine the percentage of fly ash that would be added to a sandy soil to obtain the optimum stability of the soil. In order to achieve these, the following tests were carried out: Sieve analysis, Compaction test, unconfined compressive strength test. Sieve analysis is carried out purposely to determine the percentage of different grain sizes contained within a sandy soil. On the other hand, Compaction test was carried out in order to determine the maximum dry density and optimum moisture content of the sandy soil and lastly, unconfined compressive strength test was carried out to determine the compressive strength of the sandy soil sample with the addition of fly ash in percentages as a stabilizing agent. After carrying out the above tests, observations were noted and considered and it was discovered that 40% fly ash has the highest impact in the increment of the compressive strength of the sandy soil and will be most suitable for the stabilization of sandy soil. So therefore, we recommend the addition of 40% fly ash to the sandy soil to be used on site for maximum stability.
[1]. Çokça, E. (2001). "Use of Class C fly ashes for the stabilization of an expansive soil." Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 127(7), 568-273.
[2]. Gantenbein, B. (2002). "Pilot program: Fly ash stabilization used as alternative to subgrade stabilization in Waukesha County." Western Builder, March 7, 2002, Reed Construction Data Circulation, Norcross, GA.
[3]. Hunter, D. (1998). "Lime-induced heave in sulfate bearing clay soils." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 114(2), 150-167.
[4]. Kaniraj S R, Havanagi V.G (1999) Geo technical characteristics of fly- ash soil mixtures. Geo technical Engineering journal,30 (2):129-147.
[5]. Mahrt, D.B. (2000). "Reclaimed class c Iowa fly ash as a select fill material: hydraulic conductivity and field testing of strength parameters." MSci thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.

Paper Title :: Computer Simulation of EPR Orthorhombic Jahn-Teller Spectra of Cu2+in Cd2(NH4)2(SO4)3 Single Crystals at Low Magnetic Field Direction (M=-3/2) at Different Temperatures
Author Name :: J B Yerima || Simon Solomon || Tampul Mohammed Haman
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 12-21
In this paper, we have carried out computer simulation of Cu2+:Cd2(NH4)2(SO4)3 in the low magnetic field corresponding to x-direction and M=-3/2 at different temperatures. The normalized intensity decreases with temperature showing a phase transition temperature of about 195 K. the least squares method yields the intensity-temperature relation 𝐼𝑁=−0.0466𝑇+10.482 with correlation coefficient of R2=0.9789. The activation energy varies temperature in a similar pattern as intensity but has lower values than those obtained from intensity and linewidths studies in all directions. The resonance field and linewidths depend on temperature in the form of sum of polynomials and exponential terms confirming earlier findings (Yerimaand De, 2014; De, 1986).
Keywords: Computer simulation, temperature, intensity, activation energy
[1]. Babu D. S, SastryG. S, Sastry M. D and Dalvi A. G. I (1984) Structural phase transition in Langbeinites an EPR study, J. Phys. C. Solid state Phys. 17, 4245
[2]. Blakemore, J. S (1985) Solid State Physics, Update Second Ed., Cambridge Uni. Press, 506.
[3]. De D. K (1986) Powder EPR study of the Jahn-Teller effect and phase transition in Cu2+: ZnTiF6.6H2O. Phys Rev B 34, 4655.
[4]. De D K (2010) First observation of orthorhombic Jahn-Teller EPR spectra in Cu II doped (NH4)2Cd2(SO4)3.6H2O single crystals, Paper I, African Physical review$:0011, 87
[5]. Jona F and Pepinsky R (1956) In low energy electron diffraction (LEED) spectra. Al. IBMJ. Res. Center, York Town

Author Name :: Aniagolu Celestine Obinna || Iyi Edmund Amuezuoke || Ugwu Lucy Nkeiruka
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 22-32
Industries in Nigeria are heavy sources of Environmental pollution. However, before now there was no realistic valuation model for valuation of the environmental damage caused by these industries. Advocates of environmental protection in Nigeria then tasked the Estate Surveyors and Valuers to develop valuation models that would consider the extent of damages caused by industries to the environment while interpreting the value of such industries and other facilities generating waste in Nigeria. The E-factor model was then developed. This paper tries to value NIGERGAS Company Enugu, using the E-factor model. The company was valued using the Conventional Cost Approach to Valuation and thereafter the E-factor model. The results indicated a loss of value of about N16,266,020 representing 14.54%. This loss of value is attributable to the inability of NIGERGAS Company to meet up with world best practices in terms of environmental protection standards. The paper then recommends that the E-factor model be accepted by the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) as a veritable valuation tool for valuation of industries and other facilities generating wastes in Nigeria.
Keywords: Environmental Factor, Industries, Model, NIGERGAS Company, Pollution, Valuation, Waste.
[1]. Deane, T.M., Gray, R.N. and Steel, H.W. (1986); Real Estate Valuation. Progress, Publishing House, Enugu, Nigiera.
[2]. Baum, A.E. and Mackmin, D. (1989); The Income Approach to Property Valuation. 3rd Edition. Routledge, London.
[3]. OECD (1989); Environmental Policy Benefits: Monetary Valuation. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, France.
[4]. Ogunba, A. O. (1999); Environmental Resource Valuation: New Challenges for Estate Surveyors and Valuers in 21st Century. A Paper Presented During 1999 NIESV National Conference in Calabar.
[5]. Bishop, R.C. (1982); Option Value: An Exposition and Extension, Land Economics. Vol.58, No.1, Pp1-15.

Paper Title :: Deformation and Tribological studies of A356 Slag Reinforced Composites
Author Name :: M. Srikanth || S.V.R. Ratna Kishore
Country :: India
Page Number :: 33-36
BF Slag is a major unwanted material during production of iron in the blast furance process. It comprises of oxides of iron, Al2O3 and silica along with some other minor constituents. Based on economics as well as environmental related issues, lot of efforts has been directed worldwide towards BF slag management issues i.e. of utilization, storage and disposal. In this paper an attempt has been made to reinforce the BF slag in aluminium silicon alloy A356, to prepare light weight composites. The hardness and compressive strength of the composites were determined as a function of the BF slag content. The best results were achieved with the aluminum composites with 5 wt. % slag.
Keywords: Blast furnace slag (BF slag), aluminium silicon alloy
[1]. R.K. Everett, and R.J.Arsenault, Metal Matrix Composites; Mechanisms and Properties, 1991 (Academic Press, San Diego).
[2]. M.J. Kocjak, Kahtri S.C, J.E. Allison. Fundamentals of Metal Matrix Composites (Eds S. Suresh, A. Mortensen and A. Needleman), 1993 (Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston).
[3]. Hassan S. F, Gupta, M, Development of high strength magnesium copper based hybrid composites with enhanced tensile properties, Materials Science and Technology, 19 (2003) 253-259.
[4]. Ma, NG, Deng, CJ, Yu, P, Kwok, WY, Aravind, M, Ng, DHL, Chan, SLI, Formation of Mg-Mg2Cu nanostructured eutectic in Mg-based metal matrix composite, Journal of Materials Research, 188. (2003)1934-1942
[5]. Wu G.H., Dou Z. Y., Jiang L. T., Cao J. H., 2006, Damping properties of aluminium matrix – fly ash composites, Materials Letters, 60: 2945-2948.

Paper Title :: Three Dimensional Analysis Of Fits And Effect Of Layer Orientation In Laminated Composites Under Press Fits For Static And Dynamic Stability
Author Name :: Prapul Chandra AC || Narahari GA || Prabhnandhan GS
Country :: India
Page Number :: 37-42
Fits plays important role in structural integrity, load carrying capacity and vibrations. Proper fit increases the life of the joint. In the present work, an analysis has been carried out to find effect of fit on radial stress and contact pressure for Aluminum and composite materials. A three dimensional modeling approach is consider studying contact nature, loading carrying capacity and induced stresses. Also stress distribution is calculated for different layer orientation of composite materials. Finally modal analysis is carried out to find the dynamic stability of the structure. A system with higher natural frequency is considered as more stable compared to lower frequency system. The analysis results shows higher natural for interference fits compared to the clearance and push fits. Similarly composite structure modal analysis results indicate, dynamic stability is a function of layer orientation. This conclusion is very important in usage of composites for dynamic structure. A through analysis is required for improving the dynamic stability of the composites.
Key Words: Structural integrity, Dynamic stability, fatigue damage. Modal analysis, induced stress
[1]. Shigley, Joseph E., Mechanical Engineering Design, McGraw-Hill, 1977, 3 rd edition
[2]. Norton, Robert L., Machine Design – An Integrated Approach, Prentice-Hall: New Jersey, 1998, 2 nd printing
[3]. Levinson, Irving J., Machine Design, Reston Publishing: Virginia, 1978, 1 st printing
[4]. Spotts, M. F., Design of Machine Elements, Prentice-Hall: New Jersey, 1978, 5 th edition
[5]. Adams, Vince, and Askenazi, Abraham, Building Better Products with Finite Element Analysis, On Word Press: New Mexico, 1999, 1 st printing

Country :: India
Page Number :: 43-51
A discone antenna is a version of a biconical antenna in which one of the cones is replaced by a disc. It is usually mounted vertically, with the disc at the top and the cone beneath. A discone antenna is a version of a biconical antenna in which one of the cones is replaced by a disc. It is usually mounted vertically, with the disc at the top and the cone beneath. Omnidirectional, vertically polarized and exhibiting unity gain, it is exceptionally wideband, offering a frequency range ratio of up to 10:1.The radiation pattern in the vertical plane is quite narrow, making its sensitivity highest in the plane parallel to the Earth. The discone's wideband coverage makes it attractive in commercial, military, amateur radio and radio scanner applications. The radiation fields of the discone antenna with an oblique cone can be derived from the fields of an equivalent Huygens source on the aperture. For a symmetrical discone antenna, the numerical and experimental radiation patterns are presented. For an asymmetrical discone antenna with an oblique cone, the radiation patterns are also presented. The curves of the front-to-back ratio on the patterns of the horizontal plane are shown for various oblique cone shapes.
Keywords: Discone Antenna, Omnidirectional, Sensitivity.
[1]. Analysis of Variation of Various Parameters on Design of Discone Antenna by
[2]. Optimization of a Broadband Discone Antenna Design and Platform Installed Radiation Patterns Using a GPU-Accelerated Savant/WIPL-D Hybrid Approach Tod Courtney1 , Matthew C. Miller1 , John E. Stone2 , Robert A. Kipp1
[3]. Antenna Magus, an design tool
[4]. Antenna Theory - Analysis and Design by Constantine A. Balanis.
[5]. A Spherically capped discone antenna for ultra wideband operation by Debalina Goshi, Tapank Sarkari, Ericl Mokole.

Paper Title :: Modest Formalization of Software Design Patterns
Author Name :: A.V.Srihasha || Dr. A. Rama Mohan Reddy
Country :: India
Page Number :: 52-57
Formalization is the document form of formalism, where the practical compositional elements are represented by the symbols and variables. The Software Requirement Specification is documented in such a way that it breaks the deliverables into smaller components. Design patterns are among the most powerful methods for building large software systems. Patterns provide well-known solutions to recurring problems that developers face. Predicate logic is used for describing the formal specification of the design patterns. In this paper we urge to explain that formal specification of design patterns is very essential before they are implemented in any platform, further the formal specification of the design pattern is derived into a formula with respect to the application of the domain. In this paper we state some of the illustration to understand the concept of the formal specification and formula and we call this Modest Formalization of Software Design Patterns.
KEYWORDS – modesty, formalization, design patterns, software architecture, calculus.
[1] Toufik Taibi, "Design Pattern Formalization Techniques", United Arab Emirates University, UAE, (C) 2007, IGI Publishing Hamburg, New York.
[2] Henderson-Sellers, Brian. "Object-Oriented Metrics Measures of Complexity", Upper Saddle River, NJ: (C) 1996, Prentice Hall.
[3] Clark Archer, Michael Stinson, "Object-Oriented Software Measures", Technical Report submitted to Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Melon University, CMU/SEI-95-TR-002, April 1995.
[4] Ian Somerville, "Software Engineering", 8th Edition, Chapter 27, Formal Specification, Prentice Hall Inc. (C) 2009.

Country :: India
Page Number :: 58-59
In this theorem we will give a relation between perimeter and area of polygon in terms of perimeter and area of circle formed incentered in polygon and also give a formulae for area of regular polygon.
Keywords: Ac = area of circle
Apol. = area of polygon
Pc = perimeter of circle
Ppol. = perimeter of polygon
[1] NCERT mathematics for clas 10th

Paper Title :: To find raise to five of any number
Author Name :: ParthPola
Country :: India
Page Number :: 60-64
This method uses these exceptions to lead the analyst to interesting regions of the five squaredduring navigation. We present the statistical foundation underlying our approach. We then discuss the computational issue of finding exceptions in data and making the process efficient on large multidimensional data bases. We present performance results and experience with real-life datasets to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed paradigm.
[1]. "Abstract algebra, Theory and applications" by Thomas W. Jandson, Stephen F. Austin State University, 2009.
[2]. A First course in Abstract Algebra, by J. B. Fealeigh, pearson Education,2013
[3]. Notes on Galob Theory by Marrk Reeder, Boston college, 2012

Paper Title :: Analysis and Design of a Low Voltage Si LDMOS Transistor
Author Name :: Suman Chahar || G.M.Rather
Country :: India
Page Number :: 65-69
This paper presents a compact model of lateral double diffused MOS (LDMOS) transistor having small size and got good result with different characteristics. This model is designed with ATLAS SILVACO and get better simulations of breakdown voltage, on resistance etc. comparing with reference LDMOS. We have designed this device with channel 0.3 μm length and gate 0.75 μm length.
KEYWORDS - ATLAS, Breakdown Voltage, Capacitance, LDMOS, On Resistance.
[1] Wei Yao, Student Member, IEEE , Gennady Gildenblat, Fellow, IEEE, Colin , McAndrew, Fellow, IEEE, and Alexandra Cassagnes, "Compact Model of Impact Ionization in LDMOS Transistors," IEEE Electron Devices., vol. 59, No. 7,July 2012.
[2] Hua Ting-Ting 1, Guo Yu-Feng 1, Yu Ying 1, Gene Sheu2, Jian Tong 1 and Yao Jia-Fei ," Analytical models of lateral power devices with arbitrary vertical doping profiles in the drift region"Chin.Phys.B Vol.22,No.5,2013.
[3] Yogesh Singh Chauhan, Francois Krummenacher, Costin Anghel, Renuad Gillon†, Benoit Bakeroot‡, Michel Declercq and Adrian Mihai Ionescu,"Analysis and Modeling of Lateral Non-Uniform Doping in High-Voltage MOSFETs," AMIS,Belgium,IEEE, 2006.
[4] Nie Weidong 1, 2, Yi Fayou2, and Yu Zongguang 1, ".Kirk effect and suppuration for 20 V planar active gap LDMOS,"Journal of Semiconductors, Vol.34,No.5, May 2013
[5] Lars Vestling, Member,IEEE,Johan Ankarerona,and Jorgen Olsson,Member,IEEE ,"Analysis and Design of a Low Voltage High Frequency LDMOS Transistor," IEEE Electron Devices., vol. 49, No.6,June 2002.

Paper Title :: Seismic Evaluation of G+2 Institutional Building in Bhopal
Author Name :: Aakash Saxena || Dr. S.S. Kushwaha
Country :: India
Page Number :: 70-79
A Seismic design is aimed at controlling the structural damage based on precise estimations of proper response parameters. Seismic design explicitly evaluates how a building is likely to perform; given the potential hazard it is likely to experience, considering uncertainties inherent in the quantification of potential hazard and uncertainties in assessment of the actual building response. It is an interactive process that begins with the selection of performance objectives, followed by the development of a preliminary design, an assessment as to whether or not the design meets the performance objectives, and finally redesign and reassessment, if required, until the desired performance level is achieved. In this present study one R.C. buildings, of G + 2 storey institutional building (designed according to IS 456:2000) are analysed. Analysis and redesigning by changing the main reinforcement of various frame elements and again analyzing. The structural analysis has been carried out using STAAD.Pro V8i, a product of Structural Analysis and Design Program. A total of 1 cases for a particular G + 2 storey institutional building located in Zone-II have been analyzed. The results of analysis are compared in terms of reinforcement in the column and beam. The best possible combination of reinforcement that is economical, effective and whose damage is limited to Grade 2 (slight structural damage, moderate non structural damage) in order to enable Immediate Occupancy is determined and is termed as Seismic Design.
[1]. S.Mahesh and Dr.B.Panduranga Rao Comparison of analysis and design of regular and irregular configuration of multi Story building in various seismic zones and various types of soils using STAAD-Volume 11, Issue 6 Ver. I (Nov- Dec. 2014), PP 45-52
[2]. Kevadkar M.D., Kodag P.B., 'Lateral load (loads due to earthquake, wind, blast, fire hazards etc) (earthquake loads, wind loads, blast, fire hazards etc) Analysis of R.C.C. Building', International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol.3, Issue.3, May-June. 2013, pp-1428-1434.
[3]. Salehuddin Shamshinar, Stability of a six storey steel frame structure, International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Vol.13 No.06, 2011.
[4]. User Manual STAAD.Pro.
[5]. Chopra, A. K., Dynamics of Structures(1995): Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering, Prentice-Hall. Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Paper Title :: Study of the Forestry and Artisanal Diamond production linked to the conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR)
Author Name :: BASSANGANAM Narcisse || Yang Mei Zhen || Prince E. YEDIDYA DANGUENE || Minfang Wang
Country :: China
Page Number :: 80-105
The Central African Republic (CAR), a country with rich in timber and diamond deposits and a tumultuous political history. Central African Republic once had the third largest area of rainforest cover in Africa. Today, while tropical forest covers 36 percent of the country, most of this has been degraded by logging. Very little of Central African Republic forest cover can be considered primary forest. Diamond mining and forestry form the bulk of the economy of the Central African Republic. Burdened with poor infrastructure and high transportation costs, a largely unskilled work force, and poor economic policies, the Central African Republic is not a particularly attractive source for timber among African producers. Nevertheless, most of the country's forests have been logged for valuable tree species including sapelli, ayous and sipo. Most wood from the Central African Republic is exported to Europe. Deforestation and poor agricultural practices are resulting in desertification in the northern parts of the country.
Diamonds as Timber are supposed to be symbols of love, commitment, and joyful new beginnings. But for many people in diamond-rich countries, these sparkling stones are more a curse than a blessing. Too often, the world's diamond mines produce not only diamonds – but also civil wars, violence, worker exploitation, environmental degradation, and unspeakable human suffering. When discussing the link between conflict and insecurity on the one hand and natural resources on the other, terms like ‗conflict diamonds' or ‗blood diamonds' easily come to mind. Particularly, the alliance between the CAR regime and Congolese rebel leader Jean-Pierre Bemba at the turn of the century. Bemba's troops thwarted a coup attempt against Patassé in 2001 and he allegedly had links with two Central African diamond buying offices. Bemba financed his war in the DRC by controlling the sale of one to three million dollars worth of diamonds a month. Diamonds that were mined in the Congolese territory held by Bemba were allegedly often sold or laundered through the CAR. This linked; experienced in the conflict in the CAR is the goal for our study.
KEYWORDS: Forestry, Artisanal Diamond, Conflict, CAR.
[1]. Smillie, I., Gberie, L., Hazleton, R., 2000. The heart of the matter: Sierra Leone, diamonds and human security. Partnership Africa Canada, Ottawa.
[2]. Le Billon, P. (2001a). Angola's political economy of war: the role of oil and diamonds 1975–2000. African Affairs, 100, 55–80.
[3]. Samset, I., 2002. Conflict of interests or interests in conflict? Diamonds and war in the DRC. Rev. Afr. Polit. Econ. 29 (93–94), 463–480, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 03056240208704633
[4]. United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 2005. Resolution 1643 (2005): Adopted by the Security Council at its 5327th meeting, on 15 December 2005. United Nations Security Council Press Release, New York. December 15, 4 p. Available at http://www.sipri.org/databases/embargoes/eu_arms_embargoes/cote/un- security-council-resolution-1643-2005 (accessed 31.07.13).
[5]. United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 1992. Resolution 788 (1992): Adopted by the Security Council at its 3138th meeting, on 19 November 1992. United Nations Security Council, New York. November 19, 3 p. Available at http:// www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/788 (1992).

Paper Title :: Primary study of weathering and different formations of rocks outcrops in the Zigui region, western Hubei province (China).
Author Name :: BASSANGANAM Narcisse || Yang Mei Zhen || Prince E. YEDIDYA DANGUENE
Country :: China
Page Number :: 106-118
This paper describes the formation of the Zigui region; the geological processes play an important activity in the area. The stratigraphic developed well in the area and the characteristic components passed the jointing positions are not different from each other in certain geological ages, suggesting that the characteristic components in the areas are probably primary at the same time during geological processes. The composition of rocks varies according to its minerals, which are the building blocks of rocks. The types of minerals that make a rock depend largely on the source of the rock - igneous rocks have more magma-related minerals like olivine and biotite; sedimentary rocks have more sediment-related minerals like quartz; metamorphic rocks have all these minerals, but they may look different due to re-crystallization. Considering the location, landscape, and present system of slopes, could have been covered by deposition of sediment from running water, wind, or lakes? The sediment transported in from some other area, but simply covered in their weathered debris. Weathering is a rapid process capable of producing a regolith in only a few hundred years in a temperate climate. The products of weathering are spheroidal boulders, decomposed rock fragments, and soil.
KEYWORDS: Zigui, Weathering, outcrops
[1]. Bai SB, Wang J, Guo NL, Zhou PG, Hou SS, Xu SN (2010) GIS- based logistic regression for landslide susceptibility mapping of the Zhongxian segment in the Three Gorges area, China. Geomorphology 115:23–31
[2]. WU Hanning ZHU Rixiang, Vincent Courtillot, BAI Lixin, XING Jianxiao, ZHAO Yongxin and YANG Gelian 1998 Paleomagnetic results of Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks from Xingshan-Zigui section in Hubei Province, South China
[3]. Bai SB, Wang J, Guo NL, Zhou PG, Hou SS, Xu SN (2010) GIS- based logistic regression for landslide susceptibility mapping of the Zhongxian segment in the Three Gorges area, China. Geomorphology 115:23–31
[4]. WU, S.R., SHI, L., WANG, R.J. ET AL. 2001. Zonation of the landslide hazards in the forereservoir region of the Three Gorges Project on the Yangtze River. Engineering Geology, 59, 51–58.
[5]. I.G. Fourniadis & J.G. Liu 2007 Landslides in the Wushan–Zigui region of the Three Gorges, China.

Paper Title :: An Ergonomics Study of UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car Cockpit
Author Name :: Khairul Akmal Shamsuddin || Ahmad Hazwan Ilyas || Mohd Nurhidayat || Khairul Shahril Shafee
Country :: Malaysia
Page Number :: 119-124
This research will concern itself primarily with the ergonomics of motor vehicle specifically in race car especially for cockpit UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car. Motor racing is very popular sport around the world. There are several types of motorsport that has long existed, including the Formula 1 which is the sport's most prestigious motor racing category. UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car is an adaptation of the concept of single-seat racing cars similarly as Formula 1. The cockpit is one of the most important things in racing, including the race car in the UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car. In the cockpit, there are several components required by the driver such as steering, gear lever, accelerator pedal and brake pedal, and seat. These are basic components that should be in a cockpit. UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car has been completely built. However, this race car needs to go through some test and should be completely finalized before the competition. One of the major problems is about the driver cockpit. In order to obtain the best cockpit design, RULA analysis has been used to utilize the suitable cockpit design for UniKL MSI Perodua Eco-Challenge Race Car. The resulting of cockpit design is solved by using CATIA V5R16. From the analysis, it was found that design E is the best cockpit design in term of RULA analysis final score achieved when compared to the other designs.
KEYWORDS - Ergonomics, Ergonomic Software, Cockpit, Anthropometry
[1]. David, G., Woods, V., Buckle, P., and Stubbs, D., (2003), "Further development of the Quick Exposure Check (QEC)". In: Ergonomics in the Digital Age. Proceedings of the XVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, August 24-29, 2003, Seoul, Korea.
[2]. Goonetilleke, R. S., Ho, Edmond C. F., and So, R. H. Y. (1997). Foot Anthropometry in Hong Kong. Proceedings of the ASEAN 97 Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1997. pp. 81-88.
[3]. Kilbom A. (1994) Repetitive work of the upper extremity: Part I - Guidelines for the practitioner. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 14: 51-57.
[4]. Kilbom A. (1994) Repetitive work of the upper extremity: Part II - The scientific basis (knowledge base) for the guide. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 14: 59-86.
[5]. Kroemer, K.H.E., Kroemer, H.B., Kroemer-Elbert, K.E. (2001). "Ergonomics: How To Design For Ease And Efficiency" 2nd Ed. New Jersey : Prentice Hall.

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