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Vol. 02, No. 12 [December 2016]

Paper Title :: An Experimental study of manufacturing of fly ash brick by using e-waste & sculptures waste material
Author Name :: Prof. Dr. AMIT VISHVAKARMA || Prof. Dr. S. S. KUSHWAHA || Er. AAKASH SAXENA
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-05
India is a country with religious freedom. There people of the various communities and diverse community. Whose worship and religious deeds scandal method different from each other is. India's population of more than 125 corers. Every nation and culture and lifestyle of the community vary in their states is. Another whole world was looking at India in the hope that twenty-one century India will be sitting in India and hope to meet the rapid progress. There is some field direction to be stronger. Some areas are very much hope these are describe below.
(1) Digital India
(2) Construction industries.
Indian Prime Minister has called for Digital India. And their efforts should be made so that each function digital transparency and easy of work and rest for the people of both countries could benefit from. Digital India by one and we are meeting the same day, an ever new dreams and other e-waste material becoming too much problem for us. There is here to order various e- waste materials such CD/ DVD / chips / LED etc. Similarly, our babysitter Cure and Life Rivers / pond obscure and clean water to drink, we meet there. Some particular community to fulfill their religious customs and worship messy to make these water resources.
[1]. Dhaval m. vaviya "comparing clay bricks nomograms with fly ash bricks" PG-Construction Engineering & Management student, B.V.M. Engineering college, Gujarat Technological University, Vallabh Vidhayanagar.
[2]. Dr. Akshaya Kumar Sabat "A study of nalco fly ash on compressive strength for effective use in high volume mass concrete for a sustainable development" kiit university,bhubaneswar-751024,Orissa
[3]. Tabin Rushad "Experimental studies on lime-soil-fly ash bricks" ph d scholar, department of civil engineering, motilal Nehru national institute of technology, Allahabad.
[4]. Jayeshkumr Pitroda "Comparative Study on Rice Husk Shell in Fly Ash Bricks" Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering Department Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering.

Paper Title :: Designing an optimal low saline surfactant co-injection fluid for enhanced recovery from clay laden hydrocarbon reservoir: an experimental approach
Author Name :: Sanghmitra Banerjee || Suel Ahmed
Country :: India
Page Number :: 06-11
Enhanced oil recovery is a fruitful technique in exploiting remaining oil from the reservoir. However, there are a number of challenges in designing an injection fluid in order to recover more oil from the subsurface. The basic principle in working on designing of the injection fluid is to understand the subsurface heterogeneities, mechanisms involved in recovery of oil and dominating forces that leads to the recovery of oil. Paramount of research has been conducted on recovery of oil through low saline water (LSW) flooding. It is believed that destabilization of oil adhered to the surface of rock minerals is the dominant mechanism in exploiting oil through LSW flooding. Also, a considerate amount of research has been conducted on recovery through surfactant injection. It is been proved that surfactant acts on surface of the medium or in other words it reduces the interfacial tension between the oil and water and hence increases the capillary number. This allows the oil to move through the pore spaces and hence, helps in recovering the oil. This thesis is an effort to understand the combined effect of both the mechanisms. The combination of LS water at reduced capillarity can avoid re-trapping of destabilized oil and exceed recoveries of either of the techniques applied alone. In this project an anionic surfactant, Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS) was used in order to reduce the interfacial tension between the crude (heavy paraffin oil) and water (Low Saline Water). The formulation of surfactant and low saline water combination was selected based on the previous researches as well as screening experiments performed at initial stages of the experimentation. The crude was soaked in bentonite clay and clay was aged for approximately for 6 weeks at 70 degrees Celsius. It was then washed initially using de-ionised (DI) water and further using the low saline surfactant solution of various concentrations. The washed filtrate was collected in sample bottles and was analysed using the UV-VIS and Fluorescence spectroscopy. The untreated and oil-treated clay sample were also analysed using the XRD and FTIR spectroscopy. These tools helped in characterization of clay and also helped in determining the change in composition of clay from untreated to treated. FTIR data gives a range of information like the presence of alcohols and phenols, -CH3 and –CH2 in aliphatic compounds with symmetrical and anti symmetrical stretching, etc. Final design of the injection fluid is concluded by analysing the results from each set of data obtained from different instruments.
[1]. Martin, J. (1959) "The Effects of Clay on the Displacement of Heavy Oil by Water". In SPE Venezuelan Annual Meeting. 1411-G
[2]. Bernard, G. (1967) "Effect of floodwater salinity on recovery of oil from cores containing clays". in SPE California Regional Meeting. Los Angeles, California: Society of Petroleum Engineers.
[3]. Jadhunandan, P.P., N.M.I.o. Mining, and T.D.o.P. Engineering. (1990). "Effects of brine composition, crude oil, and aging conditions on wettability and oil recovery". Department of Petroleum Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology
[4]. Jadhunandan, P. and N. Morrow. (1995). "Effect of wettability on waterflood recovery for crude-oil/brine/rock systems". SPE Reservoir Engineering. 10. 40-46
[5]. Yildiz, H.O. and N.R. Morrow. (1996). "Effect of brine composition on recovery of Moutray crude oil by waterflooding". Journal of Petroleum science and Engineering. 14. 159-168

Paper Title :: Safety Is In Your Hand
Author Name :: Isha Padhy || B.Lokesh Joel
Country :: India
Page Number :: 12-14
Today in the current global scenario, the prime question in every girl's mind is mostly about her safety and security. The only thought haunting every girl is when they will be able to move freely on the streets even in odd hours without worrying about their security. I remind myself of the incident that happened in Delhi Nirbhaya case, every time I want to pinch the bridge of my nose and let out an exasperated sigh. Parents at home wander in home waiting for their child to return safely. This paper suggests a perspective to use technology to protect women and kids who have to step outside for their daily scheduled work. The best way to curtail your probability of becoming a dupe of violent crime (stalking, bullying, robbery, sexual assault, rape, domestic violence) is to recognize, defence and look up resources to help you out of hazardous situation. We propose to have a device which is the integration of multiple devices, hardware comprises of a wearable "Band" which resembles a watch due to which the attackers will not be alerted. This is a theoretical concept which if implemented can bring a good change in security system that are available today.
[1]. G C Harikiran, Karthik Menasinkai, Suhas Shirol, "Smart Security Solution for Women based on Internet Of Things(IOT)", International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT) – 2016.
[2]. Vamil B. Sangoi, "Smart security solutions," International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.4, No.5, Oct-2014.
[3]. Premkumar.P, CibiChakkaravarthi.R, Keerthana.M, Ravivarma.R, Sharmila.T "One Touch Alarm System for Women's Safety using GSM", International Journal of Science, Technology & Management Volume No 04, Special Issue No. 01, March 2015.
[4]. Prof. Basavaraj Chougula, Archana Naik, Monika Monu, Priya Patil and Priyanka Das "Smart Girls Security System", International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2014.
[5]. Shaik Mazhar Hussain, "Women Security System", International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) Volume 3 Issue 3, March 2014.

Paper Title :: Design and Fabrication of an AUTOMATIC BLACK BOARD CLEANER
Author Name :: Mr. Tumpala Uma Santhosh || Ch. Venkata anvesh || R Art Babu || A Vinutha
Country :: India
Page Number :: 15-35
The growth of technologies requested higher performance machine in order to fulfill human needs and market. This project is implemented to make human work easier and can reduce the use of human power because of its potential applications. The project automatic blackboard duster is device that clean the blackboard automatically and reduces the time consume in hand erasing. The report puts forward a kind of mechanism design scheme, the mechanism can automatically detect the blackboard chalk stains, and erase the font, keep the blackboard clean. The duster includes a track structure to permit reciprocation of the duster laterally of an elongate blackboard frame. The chain which is connected to duster includes a drive motor to effect rotation of a drive duster positioned above the blackboard frame. This appertains to new and useful improvements and more particularly to an apparatus whereby blackboards can be cleaned in an easy and convenient manner. The principal object of the present automatic blackboard duster is to provide an attachment for blackboards in the form of a power driven erasing apparatus which can be set in operation by the throw of a switch, thus eliminating the drudgery of manually cleaning blackboards.
[1]. http://www.patentbuddy.com/Patent/5216776#sthash.BRYvDfX2.dpu
[2]. Machine Design, R.S. Khurmi& J. K. Gupta, Fourteenth Edition ,
[3]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/automaticduster
[4]. Rolland L. Schlik, 'Automatic Blackboard Eraser', Patent US3858265 A, 1975.
[5]. http://ip.com/patfam/en/43366824
[6]. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/6948210.html
[7]. www.miksch.de/cam-gears

Country :: India
Page Number :: 36-57
The use of scrap tyre rubber in the preparation of concrete has been thought as an alternative disposal of such waste to protect the environment. In this study an attempt has been made to identify the various properties necessary for the design of concrete mix with the coarse tyre rubber chips as aggregate in a systematic manner. In the present experimental investigation, the M20 grade concrete has been chosen as the reference concrete specimen. Scrap tyre rubber chips, has been used as coarse aggregate with the replacement of conventional coarse aggregate Concrete is one of the most popular building materials. The construction industry is always increases its uses and applications. Therefore, it is required to find alternative materials to reduce the cost of concrete. On the other hand, Non-biodegradable waste i.e. water bottles, cool drink bottles and disposable glasses, shredded or crumbed rubber etc., is creating a lot of problems in the environment and its disposal becoming a great difficulty. The objective of this paper is to investigate the use of rubber pieces as coarse aggregate in the concrete. Concrete tested with varying percentages of rubber from 0 to 15% of normal aggregates. Compressive strength, of concrete is measured and comparative analysis is made.
[1] Ahirwar, K. (2009). Waste tyre rubber as coarse aggregate replacement in cement concrete. Master thesis in Structural Engineering, Civil engineering Department, and IIT Kharagpur.
[2] Malladi, K. S. (2004). Studies on rubberized cement concrete. Master Thesis in Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur
[3] Huang, B., Li, G., Pang, S., and Eggers, J. (2004) Investigation in to waste tyre rubber-filled concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 16(3), 187-194.
[4] Reda Taha, M. M.,EI-Dieb, A. S., EI-Wahab, M. A. A., and Abdel-Hameed, M. E. (2008). Mechanical, Fracture, and Microstructural Investigations of Rubber concrete, Journals of Materials in Civil Engineering, 20(10), 640-649.
[5] Topcu, I. B., and Demir, A. (2004). Durability of rubberized mortar and concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 19(2), 173-178 www.miksch.de/cam-gears

Author Name :: SrinivasaRao Pavuluri || Syama Sunder Sagi || Phanindra Arvapalli
Country :: India
Page Number :: 58-68
Energy is a crucial input in the process of economic, social and industrial development. Energy consumption in the developing countries is increasing at a faster rate. With the increasing human demand for energy, fossil energy reserves are getting exhausted. The use of fossil fuels has brought serious consequences to the human environment. As conventional energy sources are depleting day by day in a faster rate, utilization of alternative (renewable) sources is the only solution. Amongst the renewable sources of energy, solar energy is freely available, pollution free and inexhaustible. Photovoltaic systems use solar energy which presents various environmental benefits. Air conditioning system is almost a must in every building if we want to have a good indoor comfort inside the building. In recent years, progress on solar-powered air conditioning has increased. With increasing power tariffs, power cuts and decreasing solar panel prices, there is a lot of interest in people to adopt solar PV technologies. Air Conditioners are high wattage appliances. When a compressor of an air conditioner is running it needs high current. Conventional air conditioners running at the hottest points of the day contribute to power grid demands that often lead to outages. A photo-voltaic air-conditioning system consists of PV cells providing electrical energy to run a vapor compression system. Solar air conditioning units offer environmental benefits including lower grid demand and load shifting during peak usage, reduced electricity costs, fewer power outages, off-the-grid capabilities and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. The work involves designing, assembling and studying the PV power generation and Air conditioner load behavior, the feasibility of solar PV application to domestic air-conditioning. Although Solar Air Conditioners have some limitations in working during nights, but reducing electricity bill is our main motive, then Solar Air Conditioners provide much more value for money by using Solar PV for air conditioning.
Key words: Energy, Solar, Photovoltaic (PV), Renewable energy, Air-conditioning.
[1]. Michael K Ewert, NASA Johnson space center "Photovoltaic direct-drive, Battery-free solar refrigerator field test results," Abstract for millennium solar forum 2000 for the session active cooling, refrigeration, dehumidification.
[2]. Mba E.F., Chukwuneke J.L., Achebe C.H.,,Okolie P.C., "Modelling and Simulation of a photovoltaic powered vapour compression refrigeration system," (2012) Vol 2, No 10.
[3]. S Daut, M.Adzrie, M.Irwanto, P. Ibrahim, M.Fitra, "Solar powered air-conditioning system," TerraGreen13 International Conference, Energy procedia, Journal of Elsevier 36 (2013), pp. 444- 453.
[4]. V. K. Bajpai, "Design of solar powered vapor absorption refrigeration system," Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2012, Vol. III.
[5]. DanielMugneir, DrUliJakob, "Keeping cool with the sun," Journal of International Sustainable Energy Review, Vol. 6, Issue 1, 2012.

Paper Title :: A new efficient Virtual Machine load balancing Algorithm for a cloud computing environment
Author Name :: Miss. Rajeshwari Nema || Mrs. Sahana T. Edwin
Country :: India
Page Number :: 69-75
The performances of computational resources are depending on several concepts, one of which is load balancing concept. The load balancing concept is totally dependent on the how much amount of work allotted to the node for a specific time period of time. This is the time where node has to manage and work according to the given priority. There are several load balancing algorithms are available for the improvement and optimization of cloud performances. The nature of the load balancing algorithm can be static or dynamic, although some algorithms are simple but under the some factor they work more effectively. Cloud computing is a service oriented architecture which is provided via internet. The objective of the service provider is to provide maximum available resources and this can be achieved by implementing load balancing algorithm which helps in gaining load balancing objective. In this paper we proposed an algorithm which is experimented on a Cloud Analyst environment.
[1]. http://www.cloudbus.org/students/MEDC_Project_Report_Bhathiya_318282.pdf
[2]. Jianhua Gu,Guofei Sun,Tianhai Zhao."A Scheduling Strategy on Load Balancing of Virtual Machine Resources in Cloud Computing Environment "Parallel Architectures, Algorithms and Programming (PAAP), 2010 Third International Symposium on cloud. 18-20 Dec 2010.
[3]. Randles,M.,Lamb,D.,Taleb-Bendiab,A."A Comparative Study into Distributed Load Balancing Algorithms for Cloud Computing" proceedings of Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), 2010.
[4]. Gaochao Xu, Junjie Pang, and Xiaodong Fu."A Load Balancing Model Based on Cloud Partitioning for the Public Cloud". proceedings of Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), 2010.
[5]. C. L. Dumitrescu and I. Foster. GangSim: a simulator for grid scheduling studies. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGrid 2005), Cardiff, UK, 2005.

Paper Title :: Publishing Relational Data as virtual RDF
Author Name :: Ch V S Satyamurty
Country :: India
Page Number :: 76-80
The D2R Server helps as a middleware between the relational databases(RDB) to resource description format(RDF). By creating a mapping file, we can publish the RDB data as an RDF format. But configuring a mapping file is complicated and cumbersome. Published data can be displayed using the semantic web browser. The RDF file can be queried using SPARQL.
Keywords: D2RQ, RDF, RDB, SPARQL, SQL.
[1]. Alexander, K., Cyganiak, R., Hausenblas, M., Zhao, J. (2009). Describing Linked Datasets. Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Linked Data on the Web (LDOW2009).
[2]. Yasunori Yamamoto and Toshiaki Katayama, D2RQ Mapper.
[3]. Van de Sompel, H., Lagoze, C., Nelson, M., Warner, S., Sanderson, R., Johnston, P. (2009). Adding eScience Assets to the Data Web. Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Linked Data on the Web (LDOW2009).
[4]. Bizer, C., Cyganiak, R. (2006). D2R Server - Publishing Relational Databases on the Semantic Web. Poster at the 5th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC2006).
[5]. T.B. Lee, J. Hendler, O. Lassila, et al. The semantic web. Scientific American, 284(5):34{43, 2001.

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