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Vol. 2, No. 5 [May 2016]

Paper Title :: Ethernet Performance Improvement in Multi-port Network System
Author Name :: Mr.TanajiNalawade
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-05
Ethernet network devices have their own space and importance in the network age. The real time operations demand the network devices with greater networking bandwidth as well as efficient network data processing. The major concern with the multiport network devices is the performance. Today's resource-intensive engineering and technology applications deals with the server virtualization, consolidation, high-volume data transactions and real-time technologies such as VoIP and video on demand. The operations requires the sufficient network bandwidth and CPU processing speed to process the data at a real time and this demand is continue to grow. The newer multiport hardware technologies provide performance improvements in virtualized server environments. But, hardware technologies having their own limitations in terms of power consumption, CPU utilization levels, latency and more importantly cost. This thesis will discuss some of the key software designs as well as configuration decisions, to facilitate multiport network devices to improve the performance over the existing infrastructure. This will provides the solutions such as symmetric network and Virtual LAN to overcome the hardware dependency and cost required to significantly improve the multiport network system performance over the current infrastructure. This improved performance includes bandwidth and CPU utilization under the heavy network loads.
KEYWORDS –Bandwidth, Ethernet, Multi-port, Network, Symmetric, Virtual LAN, Symmetric.
[1] IEEE 802.1Q-2011,"IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Media access control (MAC) bridges and virtual bridged local area networks," August 2011. http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.1Q-2011.pdf
[2] IEEE 802.1aq-2012, "IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Media access control (MAC) bridges and virtual bridged local area networks – Amendment 20: Shortest path bridging," June 2012.
[3] IEEE 802.1Qbc-2011, "IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Media access control (MAC) bridges and virtual bridged local area networks – Amendment 16: Provider bridging: Remote customer service interfaces," September 2011. http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.1Qbc-2011.pdf
[4] IEEE 802.1Qbe-2011, "IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks: Media access control (MAC) bridges and virtual bridged local area networks – Amendment 15: Multiple I-SID registration protocol," September 2011.
[5] E. Decker, P. Langille, A. Rijsinghani, K. McCloghrie, "Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges," IETF RFC1493, July 1993

Author Name :: N.SARALA || S.JOTHI
Country :: India
Page Number :: 06-12
In real many problems, most of criteria have interactive characteristics, which cannot be evaluated by additive measures exactly. For the human subjective evaluation processes it will be more better to apply Choquet and Sugeno integrals model together with the definition of 𝜆 − fuzzy measure, in which the property of additive is not necessary. This paper presents the application of fuzzy integrals as tool for criteria aggregation in the decision problems and evaluating medicine with illustrations of hierarchical structure of 𝜆 − Fuzzy measure for Choquet and Sugeno integrals model.
Keywords: Choquet and Sugeno integrals, 𝜆 − Fuzzy measure
[1]. Elisabeth Rakus-Andersson: Fuzzy and Rough Techniques in Medical Diagnosis and Medication, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2007.
[2]. Elisabeth Rakus-Andersson, Claes Jogreus: The Choquet and Sugeno Integrals as Measures of Total Effectiveness of Medicines. In: Theoretical Advances and Applications of Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing (Proceedings of IFSA 2007, Cancun, Mexico), eds: Oscar Castillo, Patricia Melin, Oscar Montiel Ross, Roberto Sepulveda Cruz, Witold Verlag, Advances in Soft Computing 42, 2007, pp. 253-262.
[3]. iii)M.Sugeno and K.Ishii Department of systems science, Tokyo Institute of ,4259 Nagatsuta,Midori-ku, Yokyohama,227 Japan 1983
[4]. Murofushi, T. and Sugeno, M., "A theory of fuzzy measures. Representation, the Choquet integral and null sets," Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, Vol.159, pp. 532-549.
[5]. Yu-Ping Ou Yanga, Chin-Tsai Linb, Chie-Bein Chenc, Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng Civil Aeronautics Administration Ministry of Transportation and Communications, No.340Tung Hwa N.RD. Taipei, Taiwan, Yuanpei University of Science and Technology, No. 306, Yuanpei St., Hsinchu 300,TaiwanInstitute of International Business, National Dong Hwa University, 1, Sec. 2,Da Hsueh Rd.,Shou-Feng, Hualien,Taiwan.

Author Name :: Munish Kumar || Sumedha Arya
Country :: India
Page Number :: 13-20
Regression testing may be a computer code testing technique. Testing and supportive the part of code square measure the activity performed at intervals completely different phases. Tasks of regression testing are action at law Prioritization, check Suite choice, and action at law reduction that offers the guarantee that no supposed fault is created whereas modifying the code. This paper hybrid all the criteria's in numerous prospective with existing techniques. Choosing and selecting aminimum range of check cases consistent with the result's our major goal. It'll offer ananswer to sure inessential results found when testing that additional appear to be diminished in execution time. In our work, we have a tendency to square measure formalizing the swarm algorithmic rule for hybrid criteria. Hybrid criteria use Rank, Merge, and selection for building the check cases from check suite for minimizing the redundancy. Branch technique is employed if one in every of check cases fails or doesn't show any result then next possibility may be used. Swarm algorithms offer further functions for having aneffective result with less time and energy. Initial seed worth for hybrid criteria's is taken at random. This analysis can result in offer higher potency in regression testing victimization hybrid criteria. Path Coverage deals with the action at law choice because it offers all the main points of check cases.
Keywords: Rank, Merge, Choice, Fault Detectione
[1]. A. K. and M. G. 2012. Multi-Objective Test Suite. Minimization Using Quantum Inspired Multi-Objective Differential Evolution Algorithm.IEEE, Volume 71.
[2]. Aftab Ali Hader, Shahzad Rafiq, and Aamer Nadeem. 2012. Test Suite Optimization Using Fuzzy Logic. IEEE.
[3]. Bharti sure, and S.S. 1924-1932. Implementing Ant Colony Optimization for Test Case Selection and Prioritization. International Journal On Computer Science and Engineering.
[4]. Bing JIANG, Yang-mingMU, and Zhihua Zhang. 2010. Research of Optimization Algorithm for Regression Testing Suite. (O. C. Laboratory, & Computer School, Eds.) IEEE, Volume 2, pp. 303-306.
[5]. Chengying Mao, X. Y. 2012. Generating Test Data for Structural Testing Based on Ant Colony Optimization. 12th International Conference on Quality Software pp. 98-101. Xi'an, Shaanxi: IEEE.

Author Name :: S. Vijaya Kumar || B. Dean Kumar || B.L.P. Swami
Country :: India
Page Number :: 21-27
For the adoption of any new material or technology, it generally needs proven performance record over traditional materials. Considerable research is carried out in India, towards the technology development so that Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) could soon find a place in the Indian construction industry. In the present work, experimental investigation is carried out on the strength properties of fibrous SCC with triple blending. Fly ash and condensed silica fume (CSF) are both employed as replacement to cement at various percentages to give triple blending. By doing this kind of triple blending it is expected to derive the beneficial properties of both the mineral admixtures. Concrete mixture of grade M40 is designed and tried for the SCC. Steel fibres of different aspect ratios ranging from 10–20 are tried along with polypropylene fibres of 12 mm length. SCC mixtures with various combinations were tested for workability, compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength. Comparisons are made. Based on the experimental investigation carried out in the present work, important and practically useful conclusions are drawn.
Index Term: Steel Fibre, Polypropylene fibre, Superplasticizer, Viscosity Modifying Agent, Mineral admixtures.
[1]. American concrete institute, ACI International symposium: fibre reinforced concrete, Detroit: ACI, 1985. (ACIU SCM-10).
[2]. EFNARC, "Specifications and Guidelines for Self-Consolidating Concrete", February 2002.
[3]. Okamura, H, "Self Compacting High Performance Concrete", Concrete International, pp. 50–54 (1997).
[4]. Ouchi, M. And M. Hibino, "Development, Applications and Investigations of Self-Compacting Concrete", International Workshop, Kochi, Japan (2000).
[5]. Narayanan, R., Kareem-Planjian, A.S., "Factors influencing the workability of steel-fibre reinforced concrete", Concrete, Part 1: Vol.16, No.10, 1982, pp. 45–48, Part 2: Vol. 17, No. 2, 19

Paper Title :: Performance Evaluation of Constructed Wetland in Treating Domestic Wastewater
Author Name :: Rajnikant Prasad || Rangari P J || Dilendra Jasutkar
Country :: India
Page Number :: 28-33
Constructed Wetland (CW) are efficient method in reducing the contaminants from wastewater but due to presence of insufficient oxygen inside CW bed which is one of the limiting factors of efficient treatment of wastewater.a lab scale model was developed to determine the performance of naturally aerated and artificially aerated CW both are planted with Typha latifolia.This study involves determining the efficiency of Typha latifolia in polishing pH, DO, conductivity and rate of plant growth. The performances of CW were evaluated after the first phase completion (underground water treatment and fully growth of plant). In second phase the domestic wastewater was supplied to treat at different HLR and OLR and evaluated the performance of CW. The CWs were constructed by using different media which consists of bed of aggregate, charcoal and broken bricks at different height. A special PVC pipe aeration system was provided in both CWs out of which one is connected to air pump for artificial aeration and other is open to atmosphere. For aeration PVC pipes was provided in the two layers i.e. between top and middle and middle and bottom of the media. The treatment performance of domestic wastewater was evaluated after the plant is fully grown. The result shows that artificial aeration increases the diffuse DO concentration in CWs and increases the growth of plant as compared to natural aeration CW.
KEYWORDS -Constructed Wetland, Artificial Aeration, Typha latifolia, domestic wastewater.
[1]. Babatunde, A.O.; Zhao, Y.Q.; O'Neill, M.; O'Sullivan, B. (2008); Constructed Wetlands for Environmental Pollution Control: A Review
[2]. of Developments, Research and Practice in Ireland; Environment International, 34 (1): 116-126. Boca Raton, FL.
[3]. BRIX H. Functions of macrophytes in constructed wetlands. Water, Sci. Technol. 29,71,1994.
[4]. Dynamic Olfactometry; Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, v.6, n.2, p.113-122.
[5]. H.C. Tee, C.E. Seng, M.A. Noor, and P.E. Lim, Performance comparison of constructed wetlands with gravel and rice husk- based

Paper Title :: Turbine Selection Criteria for Small Hydropower Development – The River Ethiope Experience.
Author Name :: S O Otuagoma
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 34-40
One of the major components of a hydraulic structure is the turbine. The turbine plays a major role in converting the energy of falling water to mechanical energy that drives the electric generator. The choice of the right type of turbine will enhance the over-all performance of the system. This study evaluates and compares the performance of three Kaplan and three Propeller turbines to ascertain the best type of turbine for optimal operation of the system for small hydropower development of the River Ethiope. RETScreen small hydropower project software was used for the analysis of data on net head and design flow rate of the river. The result shows that for River Ethiope on a net head of 9.2 m and a design flow rate of 31.73 m3/s, the over-all energy delivered by the system is much higher with Kaplan turbine than the Propeller turbine and it is 90% efficient. Hence Kaplan turbine is recommended for the small hydropower development of the River Ethiope.
Key words: Hydraulic Structure, Turbine, Hydropower, RETScreen, Kaplan and Propeller.
[1]. Brown T M (2010). Hydroelectric System Design. A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, pp 1 – 93.
[2]. Otuagoma S O, Ogujor E A and Kuale P A (2016). Determination of Head for Small Hydropower Development: A Case Study of River Ethiope at Umutu. Nigerian Journal of Technology, Vol. 35, No 1, pp. 190 – 195.
[3]. European Small Hydropower Association – ESHA (2004). Guide on How to Develop a Small Hydropower Plant, chapter 1 Introduction, ESHA, Brussels, Belgium. Downloaded from http://www.esha.be/fileadmin/esha_files/documents/publications/GUIDES/GUIDE_SHP/GUIDE_SHP_EN.pdf on the 27/2/2013, pp 1 – 16.
[4]. http://ahec.org.in/Pub/Modern_Hydroelectric_Engineering_Practice_Prof_OD_Thapar/Volume_1/Chapter-3_Hydraulic_Turbine_Classification_and_Selection.pdf, pp 53 – 109. Downloaded on the 4th April, 2016.
[5]. Otuagoma S O, Ogujor E A and Kuale P A (2015). Comparative Measurement of Stream Flow in the Ethiope River for Small Hydropower Development. Nigerian Journal of Technology, Vol. 34, No 1, pp. 184 -192

Paper Title :: Handwritten Numeral Recognition using Local Intensity Order Pattern of Popular South Indian Scripts
Author Name :: Suneetha || G. Hemantha Kumar || Narendra R
Country :: India
Page Number :: 41-44
Multi-lingual multi-script often poses various challenges in handwritten numeral classification. In this paper, we present a method for classification of off-line handwritten numerals of three popular Indian scripts. Here we consider Kannada, Telugu and Tamil scripts for our experiment. The features used in the classifier are obtained from local intensity order patter descriptor. For feature computation, Local Intensity Order Pattern (LIOP) is used. Basically LIOP encodes the local ordinal information of each pixel and the overall ordinal information is used to divide the local patch into sub-regions which are used for accumulating the LIOPs respectively. Therefore, both local and overall intensity ordinal information of the local patch are captured by the LIOP descriptor so as to make it a highly discriminative descriptor. LIOP descriptor features are not only invariant to monotonic intensity changes, image rotation but to many other geometric and photometric transformations such as viewpoint change, image blur issues are effectively addressed in our experiments [7]. A five-fold cross validation technique with numeral network classifier has been used for result computation and we obtained 98.34%, 98.40%, and 97.51% accuracy for Kannada, Telugu, and Tamil scripts respectively.
KEYWORDS – local intensity order pattern, Multi-lingual, Numeral Recognition, Neural network, South-Indian Script
[1]. Judith, Kevin Bowers, Michael canon, Patrick Kelly: Handwritten Document image analysis at Los Alamos: Script, language, and writer identification, National Laboratory Los Alamos.
[2]. Venu Govindaraju, Ahixin Shi, Feature Extraction using a Chain coded Contour Representation of Fingerprint Images: CEDAR, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SUNY at Buffalo, NY, 2003.
[3]. J. Hochberg, P. Kelly, T. Thomas, L. Kerns, "Automatic script identification from document images using cluster-based templates", IEEE Transaction Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol.19, no.2, pp.176-181, Feb.1997.
[4]. Neetu Bhatia, "Optical Character Recognition Techniques: A Review", International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 5, May 2014 ISSN: 2277 128X.
[5]. Pallavi Aggarwal, Yashasvi Rawal, "Applications of MATLAB's Toolbox to Recognize Handwritten Characters", International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 4, June-July, 2014, ISSN 2091-2730.

Paper Title :: Implementation of Smart Stick for Obstacle Detection and Navigation
Author Name :: Radhika R || Payal G Pai || Rakshitha S || Rampur Srinath
Country :: India
Page Number :: 45-50
A smart stick has been built for the visually impaired people that help to detect obstacles with the use of infrared, ultrasonic and water sensors. Obstacles within the distance of about 3m can be detected with the help of these sensors. Also, we make use of GPS module to give positioning and navigation to the stick. Using GPS module assists the blind person to reach his destination. While the blind person navigate, the GPS receiver gets the location of the person updated and the co-ordinates of that location can be used to keep track of the blind person for safety concerns. The blind person can also send emergency message or make an emergency call at times of risk, to his guardian, using GSM module. In this way, the GSM module will be used to give notifications when the blind person has threats.
KEYWORDS - GPS module, GSM module, Sensors, Smart stick.
[3]. Thiyagarajan Manihatty Bojan, Umamaheswaran Raman Kumar and Vishwanathan Manihatty Bojan," Designing Vehicle Tracking System- An Open Source Approach", International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety (ICVES), December 16-17, IEEE 2014.
[5]. http://www.developershome.com/sms/atCommandsIntro.asp

Paper Title :: Implementing Innovative Assessment Methods in Undergraduate Mathematics
Author Name :: Dr. K. Vijayalakshmi
Country :: India
Page Number :: 51-56
The challenges associated with teaching undergraduate Mathematics will be discussed: Negative attitudes of students to Mathematics, Student‟s reluctance to practice Mathematics, and surface learning. Some (or all) of the ways in which assessment can be used to address these challenges will be discussed. If strategically used, assessment methods/tasks can enhance the teaching and learning of mathematics. Some of the unique challenges that we as lecturers face in teaching mathematics can be remedied by selecting appropriate assessment techniques/tasks. Using the tutorial time fruitfully is one of the challenging aspects in teaching mathematics. Not taking tutorials and other formative assessments seriously is not an uncommon student attitude in higher education contexts (Baderin, 2005, Pope, 2001, Smyth, 2004). Students who are pressured for time often do not see the immediate value of formative assessment or of discussion as a useful learning activity (Baderin, 2005). The purpose of introducing the assessment method, implementation method, its advantages, and disadvantages will be examined. A reflection on the assessment method and concluding remarks will be provided.
KEY WORDS: Undergraduate Mathematics, Assessment methods, Surface learning
[1]. Baderin, M. (2005). Towards improving students' attendance and quality of undergraduate tutorials: a case study on law. Teaching in higher education, 10 (1): 99-116.
[2]. Ballantyne, R., Hughes, K., Mylonas, A. (2002). Developing procedures for implementing peer assessment in large classes using action research process. Assessment and evaluation in Higher Education, 27 (5): 427- 441.
[3]. Bolte, L. (1999). Using Concept Maps and Interpretive Essays for Assessment in Mathematics.
[4]. Gibbs, G. (1999). Using Assessment Strategically to Change the Way Students Learn. Assessment Matters in Higher Education edited by Brown, S. and Glasner, A.
[5]. Jackman, S., Goldfinch, J. (2001). The effectiveness of coursework assessment in mathematics service courses-studies at two universities. Int. J. Math. Educ. Sci. Technol., 32 (2): 175-187.

Paper Title :: Pullout strength of high strength headed reinforcement vertically jointed to RC member
Author Name :: Seung-Hun Kim
Country :: South Korea
Page Number :: 57-62
Presented in this paper is a result of an experimental study for assessing the development performance of a high strength headed reinforcing bar which is vertically jointed along the axial direction to a reinforced concrete member, by assuming the development length of headed reinforcement, distance between the centers of each head, existence of hoop, etc. The result showed that the longer the development length, the higher the maximum strength, while the center-to-center distance between heads did not significantly affect the maximum strength. The maximum strength of a test subject which is equipped with hoops around the headed reinforcement is 86.0% higher than that of another subject which is not prepared with hoops, proving that the confinement details of the headed reinforcement are of paramount importance. While the theoretical strength derived from the CCD method underestimates the experimental strength, a theoretical strength estimated by using the ACI 318-11 development length formula assesses the experimental strength as unsafe.
KEYWORDS-headed reinforcement, development length, reinforced concrete, bond, high strength
[1]. M. K. Thompson, A. Ledesma, J. O. Jirsa, and J. E. Breen, Lap Splices Anchored by Headed Bars, ACI Structural Journal, 103(2), 2006, 271-279.
[2]. Y. T. Lee, S. H. Kim, S. H. Chea, and B. Y. Bahn, An Experimental Study on the Lap Strength of Headed Steel Reinforcements with Lap-spliced, Journal of Aik, 24(3), 2008, 87-94.
[3]. S. H. Kim, Y. T. Lee, T. S. Kim, and S. H. Chea, An Experimental Study on Noncontact Lap Splices of Headed Reinforcements with Different Effective Depths, Journal of Aik, 26(5), 2010, 3-10.
[4]. ACI Committee 318, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary (ACI 318R-11), 2011.
[5]. Y. G. Kim, W. S. Im, and D. U. Choi, Pullout Test of Reinforcement with End Mechanical Anchoring Device, Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, 14(3), 2002, 430-439.

Author Name :: Radhika D.Bajaj || Dr. U.M. Gokhale
Country :: India
Page Number :: 63-68
Due to the vast development of information technology, it is very necessary to protect the sensitive information via encryption which is becoming more and more important in daily life. One of the best existing symmetric security algorithms to provide data security used nowadays is advanced encryption standard (AES). AES has the advantage of being implemented in both hardware and software. AES is a non-Feistel cipher that encrypts and decrypts a data block of 128 bits. It uses 10, 12, or 14 rounds in algorithm and the key size, can be 128, 192, or 256 bits depending on the number of rounds. In these paper the software Xilinx ISE project navigator is used for synthesis and simulation for encryption.
KEYWORDS: AES, DES, Encryption, Cryptography, Key Expansion, cipher text.
[1]. Nimmi Gupta "Implementation of Optimized DES Encryption Algorithm upto 4 Round on Spartan 3", International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering , Volume 2 , Issue 1,Jan 2012.
[2]. Mital Maheta "Design and simulation of AES algorithm- Encryption using VHDL", International Journal of Engineering Development and Research Volume 2, Issue 1, 2014.
[3]. Hrushikesh S. Deshpande, Kailash J. Karande, Altaaf O. Mulani "Efficient Implementation of AES Algorithm on FPGA", Progress In Science in Engineering Research Journal, 2014, ISSN 2347-6680pp.170-175.
[4]. Ashwini R. Tonde and Akshay P. Dhande "Implementation of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Algorithm Based on FPGA", International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Volume 4, No.2, April 2014.
[5]. Hassan Anwar, Masoud Daneshtalab, Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Juha Plosila, Hannu Tenhunen "FPGA Implementation of AES-based Crypto Processor", IEEE 2013.

Author Name :: Divya Bora || Dr. U. M. Gokhale
Country :: India
Page Number :: 69-73
By integrating two separate semiconductor devices that are bipolar junction transistor and CMOS transistor, in single integrated circuit devices which make a new semiconductor technology that is BiCMOS technology. As BiCMOS technology have several advantages like large load driving capabilities, low static power, fast switching, high gain, low noise and low output impedance. This paper presents the design and simulation of digital circuits such as logic gates, half adder, full adder which are basic components used for designing any other circuits such as multipliers, processors etc. These circuits are designed using BiCMOS logic and proposed designs are designed and simulated on TANNER EDA.
KEY WORDS- CMOS, Power dissipation, latch up, BiCMOS, logic gates, adders, TANNER Tools.
[1]. G.Rajeshwari, Anjo.C.A,N.Arun Kumar, "Design of High Speed Array Multiplier using BiCMOS Logic for Driving Large Load" , International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) National conference on VSLI and Embedded systems 2013 .
[2]. Kripa Mathew, S.AshaLatha, T.Ravi, E.Logashanmugam, "Design and Analysis of an Array Multiplier Using an Area Efficient Full Adder Cell in 32nm CMOS Technology", The International Journal Of Engineering And Science ,Volume 2 Issue 3,2013.
[3]. M.B. Damle, Dr. S.S Limaye, M.G. Sonwani, "Comparative Analysis of Array Multiplier Using Different Logic Styles",IOSR Journal of Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 5 ,May. 2013.
[4]. N. Ravi, A.Satish, Dr.T.Jayachandra Prasad and Dr.T.SubbaRao, "A New Design for Array Multiplier with Trade off in Power and Area", International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 8, Issue 3, May 2011.
[5]. K. Ueda, H. Suzuki, K. Suda, H. Shinohara, and K. Mashiko, "A 64-bit carry look ahead adder using pass transistor BiCMOS gates," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 1996.

Paper Title :: Intelligent Ambulance with Traffic Control
Author Name :: Gargi Beri || Ashwin Channawar || Pankaj Ganjare || Amruta Gate || Prof. Vijay Gaikwad
Country :: India
Page Number :: 74-80
Now-a-days many services get delayed due to traffic jams especially in large cities. Ambulance service is one of the crucial services that gets delayed. Sometimes on-sight doctors are not available, so the patient does not get medical attention immediately. To overcome this situation this paper describes a solution that is 'Intelligent Ambulance with Traffic Control' wich includes a traffic control system as well as a health monitoring system. In health monitoring system, the patient's vital health parameters such as ECG, Heart Rate and Body Temperature are monitored. For ECG measurement, a 2-lead Electrode Electrocardiogram technique is used. Heart Rate measurement is done using photoplethysmography method. LM-35 is used to measure the patient's body temperature. These parameters are sent to a PC in ambulance via serial communication and this data will be sent to the hospital server. In traffic control system an RF transmitter on the ambulance will communicate with the RF receiver mounted on the signal post. An algorithm is used to control the traffic signals automatically based on the key pressed by the driver from keyboard in the ambulance. The information reading the current as well as future location of ambulance, is sent from the ambulance itself. This information is used to optimally control the traffic.
KEYWORDS- Intelligent Ambulance, microcontroller, Traffic Control
[1]. Manoj Prabhakar K and Manoj Kumar S ," GPS Tracking System Coupled With Image Processing In Traffic Signals to Enhance Life Security" emph{},International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology (IJCSIT) Vol 5, No 4, August 2013 DOI : 10.5121/ijcsit.2013.5410 131
[2]. sebastian thelen, michael czaplik, philipp meisen, daniel schilberg, and sabina jeschke, "using off-the-shelf medical devices for biomedical signal monitoring in a telemedicine system for emergency medical services",ieee journal of biomedical and health informatics, vol. 19, no. 1, january 2015 117
[3]. LIN, WILLY CHOU, HSING-YU WANG, YAN-JUN HUANG, AND JENG-SHYANG PAN, "Development of Novel Non-contact Electrodes for Mobile Electrocardiogram Monitoring System"
[4]. Claudio De Capua, Member, IEEE, Antonella Meduri, and Rosario Morello,"A Smart ECG Measurement System Based on Web-Service-Oriented Architecture for Telemedicine Applications" emph{}, - IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 59, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2010
[5]. Soufiene Djahel, Mazeiar Salehie•, Irina Tal and Pooyan Jamshidi, "Adaptive Traffic Management for Secure and Efficient Emergency Services in Smart Cities",

Paper Title :: Use of Nanomaterials in Concrete
Author Name :: Rattan A || Sachdeva P || Chaudhary A
Country :: India
Page Number :: 81-84
Concrete is a macro-material strongly influenced by its nano-properties.The addition of nano-silica (SiO2) to cement based materials can control the degradation of the calcium-silicatehydrate reaction caused by calcium leaching in water, blocking water penetration and leading to improvements in durability (Mann, 2006).Nano-sensors have a great potential to be used in concrete structures for quality control and durability monitoring. (to measure concrete density and viscosity, to monitor concrete curing and to measure shrinkage or temperature, moisture, chlorine concentration, pH, carbon dioxide, stresses, reinforcement corrosion or vibration).Carbon nanotubes increase the compressive strength of cement mortar specimens and change their electrical properties which can be used for health monitoring and damage detection.The addition of small amounts (1%) of carbon nanotubes can improve the mechanical properties of mixture samples of portland cement and water. Oxidized multi-walled nanotubes show the best improvements both in compressive strength and flexural strength compared to the reference samples.
Keywords- nano,carbon,strength,concrete,micro
[1]. Shah, S.P., Konsta, M.S., Metaxa, ZS.and Mondal, P.(2009).Nanoscale modification of cementitious materials. Nanotechnology in construction: proceedings of the NICOM3 (3rd International symposium on nanotechnology in construction). Prague, Czech Republic,125–30.
[2]. Siddique,R.and Mehta, A.(2014), Effect of carbon nanotubes on properties of cement mortars Construction and Building Materials, 50, 116–129.
[3]. Sobolev,.K and Ferrada, M.(2005), How nanotechnology can change the concrete world: Part 1. American Ceramic Society Bulleton, 84,14–17.
[4]. Sanchez, F.and Sobolev, K.(2010), Nanotechnology in concrete- A Review, Construction and building materials, 24, 2060-2071.
[5]. Zaki, S. and Ragab, K.(2009), How nanotechnology can change the concrete industry, International conference on sustainable built environment infrastructures in developing countries, ENSET oran (Algeria).

Paper Title :: Experimental Study of Performance Investigation of a Heavy Vehicle Automotive Radiator
Country :: India
Page Number :: 85-93
In continuous technological development, an automotive industry has increased the demand for high efficiency engines. A high efficiency engines is not only based on its performance but also for better fuel economy and less emission rate. Researches in heat transfer have been carried out over the previous several decades, leading to the development of the currently used heat transfer enhancement techniques. Radiator is one of the important parts of the internal combustion engine cooling system. So improving the performance and reducing cost of radiator is the necessary research. For higher cooling capacity of radiator, addition of fins is one of the approaches to increase the cooling rate of the radiator. The water and ethylene glycol as conventional coolant have been widely used in an automotive radiator in many years. With the advancement of nanotechnology, a coolant are invented which is known as "nanofluids". The Researchers found that these fluids offer higher thermal conductivity compared to that of conventional coolants. With these specific characteristics, the size and weight of an automotive car radiator can be reduced without affecting its heat transfer performance. An automotive radiator (Wavy and Louvered fin type) model is modeled on modeling software CATIA V5 and performance evaluation is done on pre-processing software ANSYS 14.0. Present study outline that the use of fins and nano fluid may improve the performance of automotive radiator. Results have shown that the rate of heat transfer is better when nano fluid (Si C + water) is used as coolant, than the conventional coolant.
Keywords: Automotive radiator, Nano fluid, Wavy and Louvered fin, Circular tube geometry, performance parameters.
[1]. S.M.S. Murshed, K.C. Leong and C. Yang, "Thermo physical and electro kinetic properties of nanofluids", Applied thermal engineering 28(2008) 2109-2125.
[2]. K. Y. Leong, R. Saidur, S. N. Kazi, A. H. Mamun, "Performance investigation of an automotive car radiator operated with nanofluid-based coolants nanofluid as a coolant in a radiator", Applied Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 2685–2692.
[3]. K.S. Meenakshi and E.P. Jaya Sudhan, "Preparation and Characterization of Titanium oxide water based nanofluids by one step method for heat transfer applications", Applied Thermal Sciences, 11 (2011) 4673-4681.
[4]. X. Zhong, L. X. Yu, Y. Zhang, J. X. Liu, "Design of heat transfer experiment for nanofluid in diesel oil cooler", Chinese society of Internal Combustion Engine Engineering, 29(1) (2011) 67-71.
[5]. V. Vasu, K. Rama Krishna and A.C.S. Kumar, "Application of nanofluids in thermal design of compact heat exchanger", International Journal of Nanotechnology and Applications, 2(1) (2008) 75-87.

Paper Title :: Development of Vacuum Solar Grape Dryer
Author Name :: Mr.O.N. Thigale || Mr.A.M. Patil
Country :: India
Page Number :: 94-99
In this work a performance evaluation of a vacuum solar dryer is done and its different characteristics are analyzed. In this system a drying chamber is developed where drying will be done and vacuum is created inside the drying chamber by using a vacuum pump. A indirect heating of drying chamber will be done by using solar water heater and circulating that hot water into the drying chamber. The experimentation is carried out for the 250 gram sample of the grapes; all the characteristics of the solar dryer are monitored in the drying process of the grapes. Experimentation also conducted for varying vacuum pressure of the drying chamber and all the characteristics of process are monitored. After the results are obtained, all the available data studied and analyzed and conclusions are made. From this work it is found out that vacuum solar dryer delivers good quality of product at the end of drying process. It is also find out that the vacuum pressure in the drying chamber does have effect on the performance of dryer. In vacuum solar dryer, higher vacuum pressure result into the reduction in dying time. As vacuum pressure increases, drying period required for production of raisons decreases. It is observed that the For vacuum pressure of 55 mm of Hg the drying period required for production of raisins is 91 hours.
KEYWORDS - Solar drying, Vacuum solar dryers, solar energy.
[1]. B.K. Bala , M.R.A. Mondol a, B.K. Biswas a, B.L. Das ,Chowdury b, S. Janjai "Solar drying of pineapple using solar tunnel drier ", Renewable Energy 28 (2003) 183–190.
[2]. S. Lahsasni', m. Kouhilazj. M. Mahrouz', l. Ait mohamed' and b. Agorram2 , "Characteristic drying curve and mathematical modeling of thin-layer solar drying of Prickly pear cladode (Opuntia Ficus Indica) ", (2003).
[3]. P.N. Sarsavadia "Development of a solar-assisted dryer and evaluation of energy requirement for the drying of onion" Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 2529–2547
[4]. Rajkumar Perumal, "Comparative performance of solar cabinet, Vacuum assisted solar and open sun drying Methods", (2007).
[5]. V. Belessiotis, E. Delyannis "Solar drying". Solar Energy 85 (2011) 1665–1691.

Paper Title :: Preference Elicitation by Solving the Cold Start Problem
Author Name ::

Jaswanth Kannan || Karthiga || Manivel

Country :: India
Page Number :: 100-107
There is an extensive class of Web applications that involve predicting user responses to options. Such a facility is called a recommendation system. A specific example of recommendation systems is to offer customers a non-line retailer suggestions about what they might like to buy, based on past history of purchases and/ or product searches. Cold start is a potential problem in computer-based information systems which involve a degree of automated data modeling. Specifically, it concerns the issue that the system cannot draw any inferences for users or items about which it has not yet gathered sufficient information. The cold start problem is most prevalent in recommender systems. Typically, are commander system compares the user's profile to some reference characteristics. These characteristics may be from the information item (the content-based approach) or the user's social environment (the collaborative filtering approach). Preference elicitation is a decision support system capable of generating recommendations to a user, thus assisting in decision making. It gives preferences accurately, finds hidden preferences and avoids redundancy.
Index Terms — Recommender System, Big Data, Neo4j tool, Graph.
[1]. W.Chen, Z.Niu, X.Zhao, and Y.Li, "A Hybrid n Recommendation Algorithm Adapted in E-Learning Environments," World Wide Web, Sept. 2012, doi:10.1007/s11280-012-0187-z.
[2]. B. Mobasher, "Data Mining for Personalization," The Adaptive Web: Methods and Strategies of Web Personalization, P. Brusilovsky, A. Kobsa, and W. Nejdl, eds., pp.1-46, Springer, 2007.
[3]. A. I. Schein, A. Popescul, and L.H. Ungar, "Methods and Metrics for Cold-Start Recommendations," Proc. 25th Ann. Int' lACM SIGIR Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval, pp.253-260, 2002.
[4]. S. McNee, J. Ried l, and J.A. Konstan, "Being Accurate Is Not Enough: How Accuracy Metrics Have Hurt Recommender Systems," Proc. ACM SIGCHI Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHIEA '06), pp.1097-1101, 2006.
[5]. R. Burke, "Hybrid: Recommender Systems: Survey and Experiments," J. User Modeling and User- Adapted Interaction, vol.12, no.4, pp.331-370, 2002.

Paper Title :: Study of bearing capacity of strip footing resting on reinforced sand
Author Name :: V. M. Surya || K. Niranjana
Country :: India
Page Number :: 108-112
This research was performed to investigate the behavior of strip footing on geosynthetic reinforced sandy soil and to study the effect of different parameters contributing to their performance using laboratory model tests. The parameters investigated in the study included top layer spacing (u), width of reinforcement (b), vertical spacing between layers (s) and number of reinforcement layers (N). The test was performed on a mild steel tank having dimensions of 1.5 m × 1.5 m × 0.6 m and plate having size 30 cm × 90 cm × 2.5 cm. Test results shows that the optimum depth of reinforcement is 0.6B and the optimum width of reinforcement layer is 3B. The best spacing between geogrid layers which gives higher bearing capacity is at 0.4B and effective number of layers obtained as 3.
KEYWORDS - Geogrid reinforcement, plate load test, optimum width of layer, vertical spacing of reinforcements, number of reinforcemnt layers.
[1] Mondal, S., Patra, S and Bera, A. K. (2013), "Effect of u/B ratio on bearing capacity of square footing on reinforced sand"; A FEM based analysis, Indian Geotechnical conference, December 22-24
[2] Kolay, P. K., Kumar, S and Tiwari. D., (2013) "Improvement of bearing capacity of shallow foundation on geogrid reinforced silty clay and sand", Journal of Construction Engineering, pp. 1 – 10
[3] Ahmadi, M. H and Asakereh, A. (2015), "Numerical analysis of the bearing capacity of strip footing on reinforced soil slope", Intl. Jl. of Engineering Trends and Technology, Vol. 29, November 2015, 313 – 317
[4] Al-Aghbari, M. Y and Mohamedzein, Y.E.A. (2015), "Improvement of bearing capacity of strip footings on dune sands geogrids", 2nd Intl. Conference on Trends in Multidisciplinary Business and Economic Research, Vol. 2, 135 – 143
[5] Anand, A., Acharyya, R and Dey, A. (2014), "Finite element analysis of foundation on unreinforced slope", Indian Geotechnical Conference, December 22-24, (2014), 1490 – 1497

Paper Title :: Energy Efficiency in Virtualized Data Centers
Author Name :: Anam Ahsan
Country :: Pakistan
Page Number :: 113-117
The objective of this paper is to present a survey of virtualized data centers, the challenges of virtualization in data centers and the possible solutions for those challenges specially energy efficiency. Virtualization is used to minimize the challenges of resource management, dependability on the services and sometimes deployment. Although virtualization is very helpful to minimize the problems of energy efficiency but it comes with many other issues as well.
[1]. V. Petrucci, O. Loques, D. Mossé, A dynamic configuration model for power efficient virtualized server clusters, in: Proceedings of the 11th Brazillian Workshop on Real-Time and Embedded Systems, WTR 2009, Recife, Brazil, May 25, 2009.
[2]. Quality of service aware power management for virtualized data centers Yongqiang Gao a, Haibing Guan, Zhengwei Qi a, Bin Wanga, Liang Liu b a Shanghai Key Laboratory of Scalable Computing and Systems, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China IBM Research – China, Beijing 100193, China
[3]. S. Kumar, V. Talwar, V. Kumar, P. Ranganathan, K. Schwan, vManage: loosely coupled platform and virtualization management in data centers, in: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Autonomic Computing, ACM, 2009, pp. 127–136.
[4]. Í. Goiri, F. Julià, R. Nou, J. Berral, J. Guitart, J. Torres, Energy-aware scheduling in virtualized datacenters, in: Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, Cluster 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 20–24, 2010, pp. 58–67.
[5]. resource management for dealing with heterogeneous workloads in virtualized data centers, in: Proceedings of the 11th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Grid Computing, Grid 2010, Brussels, Belgium, October 25–29, 2010, pp. 25–32.

Paper Title :: Feeder Reconfiguration in Distribution Networks using ETAP
Author Name :: Dr. R. Muthu Kumar || Ms. Vandana M
Country :: India
Page Number :: 118-121
The feeder reconfiguration problem highly nonlinear with multi objective and multiple constrains. It chooses the on/off status of the switches in a distribution network in order to meet one or more objective such as power loss or cost or voltage regulation. It is a mixed-integer nonlinear program and, hence, hard to solve. We proposed an iterative algorithm using ETAP 12 In this paper which follows an ac optimal power flow problem. The algorithm is computationally efficient and scales linearly with the number of redundant lines. It requires neither parameter tuning nor initialization for different networks. It successfully computes an optimal configuration on all four networks we have tested. Problem reduces the losses by 5% compare to the existing methods and improve the voltage regulation. Even during contingencies, the voltage regulation is better and losses are less compare to the conventional methods.
Index Terms—Distribution System, Feeder Reconfiguration, Optimal Switching, ETAP 12.6, Voltage regulation, Losses, Equipment Loading
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[2]. S. Civanlar, J. Grainger, H. Yin, and S. Lee, ―Distribution feeder reconfiguration for loss reduction,‖ Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1217–1223, 1988.
[3]. M. Baran and F. Wu, ―Network reconfiguration in distribution systems for loss reduction and load balancing,‖ IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 1401–1407, Apr 1989.
[4]. H.-D. Chiang and R. Jean-Jumeau, ―Optimal network reconfigurations in distribution systems: Part 1: A new formulation and a solution methodology,‖ IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1902–1909, November 1990.
[5]. R. J. Sarfi, M. Salama, and A. Chikhani, ―A survey of the state of the art in distribution system reconfiguration for system loss reduction,‖ Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 61–70, 1994.
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