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Vol. 02, No. 07 [July 2016]

Author Name :: Jelena Markovic || Jasmina Stojiljkovic || Svetlana Stevovic || Goran Markovic
Country :: Sevia
Page Number :: 01-06
Soil quality is one of the main environmental conditions for successful and sustainable orchards cultivation. The main role of the soil is reflected in its production activities or productivity. Soil fertility implies content available nutrients, such as individual elements, pH and humus. The research of soil quality leads to certain conclusions about which soil is suitable for growing crops. The investigation of soil quality for Pcinja District in southern Serbia is performed, with the goal to complete environmental conditions for cultivation of the most suitable crops. The methods that were used for the analysis of the soil in the fiziko chemical methods. The results in this paper show high quality land for sustainable growing fruit crops.
Keywords: environment, soil, potassium, phosphorus, humus, methods
[1]. Barankova Z., Dobrovodska, M, Štefunkova, D., Babicova, D., Moyzeova, M., Petrović, F. (2011), Participation of local people on indentifyng the landscape values and futur development in historical agricultural landscapes , Ekol., Bratislava 30 (2), 216-228
[2]. Cizler J., (2013), Opportunities for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas un Serbia Problemy ekorozwoju – Problems of sustainable development, vol. 8, no 2, 85-91
[3]. Krnačova Z., Hreško J., Kanka, R., Boltiţar, M., (2013), The evaluation of ecological factors affecting environmental functions of the soils in area of traditional agrarian structures, Ekol. Bratislava, 32 (2), pp. 24
[4]. Misic V. (1964), Ecological factors and their significance in the plant world, Belgrade Manojlovic, S., Rajkovic Ţ., Glintić M., Šestić S., (1969), Handbook for Systematic control of soil fertility and fertilizer, Belgrade
[5]. Oljača S. (2008), Agroecology edition, Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade Popovic Z., (1989), Agrohemija, Scientific Book, Belgrade Sobczyk W, (2014), Sustainable development of rural areas Problemy ekorozwoju – Problems of sustainable development, vol. 9, no 1, 119-126

Author Name :: Ashwini S. Barote || Dr. P. M. Jawandhiya
Country :: India
Page Number :: 07-11
This paper focus on study of MANET and bait detection schemes in MANET. In mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) the main problem is security as well as formation of communication range among nodes. A primary requirement for establishment of communication range among nodes is, nodes should cooperate with each other. Avoiding or sensing malicious nodes initiating attacks is the main challenge. In this paper we focus a mechanism to detect malicious nodes launching black/gray hole attacks and cooperative black hole attacks, known as Cooperative Bait Detection Scheme (CBDS). It integrates the proactive and reactive defense architectures. In this paper, we survey innovated techniques to detect selfish nodes for MANETs.
[1]. Vishnu K and Amos J Paul, "Detection and Removal of Cooperative Black/Gray Hole Attack in Mobile ADHOC Networks", International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 1, No. 22, 2010.
[2]. Sudhir Agrawal, Sanjeev Jain and Sanjeev Sharma, "A Survey of Routing Attacks and Security Measures in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks", Journal of Computing, Vol. 3, ISSN 2151-9617, January 2011.
[3]. Jian-Ming Chang, Po-Chun Tsou, Han-Chieh Chao and Jiann-Liang Chen, "CBDS: A Cooperative Bait Detection Scheme to Prevent Malicious Node for MANET Based on Hybrid Defense Architecture", IEEE, 2011
[4]. P.-C. Tsou, J.-M. Chang, H.-C. Chao, and J.-L. Chen, "CBDS: A cooperative bait detection scheme to prevent malicious node forMANET based on hybrid defense architecture," in Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. Wireless Commun., VITAE, Chenai, India, Feb. 28–Mar., 03, 2011, pp. 1–5.
[5]. A. Baadache and A. Belmehdi, "Avoiding blackhole and cooperative blackhole attacks in wireless ad hoc networks," Intl. J. Comput. Sci. Inf. Security, vol. 7, no. 1, 2010.

Paper Title :: A Novel Approach to Extend Selenium DB for Better Compatibility withthe Web Based Application Testing
Author Name :: Munish Kumar || Sumedha Arya
Country :: India
Page Number :: 12-16
Numerous softwareis created as the internet based mostly applications (applications that ar dead during an internet browser) currently days. Quality is that the main side that must be assured before the software are delivered to the shoppers. several testing tools ar accessible in the marketplace for testing of that software. a Selenium element is one such tool accessible. Selenium element RC tool, one in every of the part of Selenium element accessible is employed to make machine-controlled take a look at cases for the internet based mostly applications. This paper provides Associate in the Nursing introduction of aSelenium element and its elements. Selenium element RC one in every of the part of theSelenium element, essentially used for internet application automation testing has some assert functions that facilitate question the information for real-time information. during this paper, I'm aiming to propose a unique approach in Selenium element RC tool. New assert functions ar to be supplemental into the tool to extend SeleniumDB management systems, like Oracle or SQL Server. New assert functions ar to be supplemental to assist offer totally different tests during an information together with the assert functions that, for Associate in the Nursing instance will be accustomed perform a join among totally different tables during an information.
Keywords: Testing tools, Selenium, Data Base
[1]. A. M. F. V. d. Castro, G. A. Macedo, E. F. Collins and A. C. Dias-Neto: Extension of Selenium RC Tool to Perform Automated Testing with Databases in Web Applications, IEEE,2013, 125-131
[2]. F. Hartmann, D. Kossmann, and E. Lo.: A framework for efficient regression tests on adatabase application. The International Journal on Very Large Data Bases, 2007
[3]. Dustin, E, Rashka, J., Paul, J.: Automated Software Testing: Introduction, Management, and Performance. Addison-Wesley Professional, 2008
[4]. R. Rogstad, L. C. Briand, R. Dalberg, M. Rynning and E. Arisholm.: "Industrial Experiences with Automated Regression Testing of a Legacy Database Application, IEEE, 2011, 362-371.
[5]. Praveen Ranjan Srivastava, Sirish Kumar, A.P. Singh, G. Raghurama: Software testing Effort: An Assessment Through Fuzzy Criteria Approach, Journal of Uncertain Systems, 2011, vol. 5, 183-203

Author Name :: BamigboyeOladayo
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 17-26
Voltage stability is the ability of a power system to maintain synchronism when subjected to a severe disturbance such as fault, loss or addition of a large load, and loss of generation. Unlike small-signal stability, in Voltage stability a large-signal disturbance is considered. Therefor nonlinear differential equations of the system should be employed to represent the system. The methodology used was the model reduction method for performing the load flow analysis of the bus system. Stable operations of a power system depends on the ability of system generators to meet active and reactive power demand of the loads. As a result, it is important to accurately represent the load to capture the dependence of it real and reactive power on the system variables, e.g bus voltage. Therefore, load modelling plays an important role in Voltage stability analysis. In this work, a software tool was developed to implement the simulation algorithm in MATLAB 8.1. The software was capable of representing several load and generator models and can handle the PSS/E native file format.Evaluation of result was done based on the Delta angle of generators , Speed deviation of generators, Field circuit flux of generators, Bus voltages and Internal delta angles with respect to time
Keywords: Bus Voltage, Fault, Field Flux, Generator, Stability, Voltage.
[1]. Bergen, and D. Hill (2010). A structure preserving model forpower system stability analysis. IEEE Trans on PowerApp. Syst., vol. PAS-100, no. 1, pp. 25–35.
[2]. A.P.Vaidya and RohitV.Patil (2012), " Comparison of Different Types of Voltage Stability Assessments During Congestion ", IEEE-International Conference On Advances In Engineering, Science And Management (ICAESM -2012) March 30, 31, 2012.
[3]. Ademoye, T.,& Feliachi, A. (2011). Decentralized synergetic control of distribution systems. IEEE Power Systems and Exposition.
[4]. Ademoye, T., Feliachi, A. & Karimi, A. (2011). Coordination of synergetic excitation controller and SVC-damping controller using particular swarm optimization. IEEE Power System and Energy Society General Meeting.
[5]. Ademoye, T.,& Feliachi, A. (2012). Reinforcement learning tuned decentralized synergetic control of power systems. Electric Power Systems Research, 86, 3440.

Paper Title :: A Solution for Video Logging, Indexing, Data Analysis and Query Processing
Author Name :: Shubhankar R. Pandit || Vikram D. Narke || Prof. Dr. S.S. Bhatlawande
Country :: India
Page Number :: 27-34
This paper présents an architecture and a methodology for high-speed digital video indexing and retrieval for physical security applications. State of the art computer vision algorithms have been used to for the purpose of face detection, face recognition and human detection. All the programs make use of open-source Open CV libraries and functions implemente dusing C++. The real-time video feed is also encoded and encrypted. This makes it possible to circulate this light-weight and protected stream through a network for further analysis and to detect security threats. A query processing scheme using Mongo DB is described to enable flexible and efficient analysis of the data generated from the video feeds. KEYWORDS- Query Processing, Video Indexing, Video logging.
[1]. Ke Li, Ke-Bin Jia, Jing Xie, and Yan Wang, "Design and Optimization of H.264 Video Encoder on DSP Platform [C]", Second International Conference on Innovative Computing, Kumamoto, Japan, 2007, pp. 541-541.
[2]. Hou-Jie Bi, "The new generation video compression coding standard - H.264/AVC [M]",Posts and Telecom Press, China, 2005.
[3]. N. Kamaci and Y. Altunbasak, "Performance comparison of the emerging H.264 videocoding standard with the existing standards," Multimedia and Expo, 2003.ICME ‟03.Proceedings.2003 International Conference on, 2003, pp. I-345-8 vol.1.
[4]. Basic Encryption and Decryption by H. Lee KwangDepartment of Electrical Engineeringand Computer Science,KAIST and An Overview of Video Encryption Techniques by M.Abomhara, Omar Zakaria, Othman O. Khalifa.
[5]. Shonharris, (2007). "SICCP Exam Guide, fourth edition, McGraw-Hall".

Paper Title :: Adsorption of Chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by using Eleusine coracana (Ragi) seed powder
Author Name :: N. Gandhi || D. Sirisha || K.B. Chandra Sekhar
Country :: India
Page Number :: 35-47
Chromium is a dietary requirement for many organisms. It applies only for a trivalent chromium but not hexavalent chromium. Hexavalent chromium is very toxic to flora and fauna. Discharging the untreated chromium waste water in rivers causes environmental disasters. Taking that factor into consideration, the present study investigates the possibility of controlling Cr (VI) by using Eleusine coracana (Ragi) seed powder by using adsorption process. The experimental study carried out with respect to effect of contact time, concentration, adsorbent dosage, pH of the solution and temperature of the medium. The studies were proved that the adsorption efficiency is increase with increase in contact time, initial chromium concentration and adsorbent dosage. The maximum adsorption of chromium is observed at pH 7. The adsorption efficiency decreased with increase in temperature. The experimental data were tested with adsorption kinetic and adsorption isotherm models and from that it is concluded that adsorption of chromium by Eleusine coracana powder as an adsorbent can be described by pseudo first order kinetic model and isotherm studies revels that adsorption of chromium is perfectly fitted with Temkin and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models.
KEY WORDS: Chromium, trivalent chromium Cr (III), hexavalent chromium Cr(VI), Adsorption, Eleusine coracana,
[1]. N. Gandhi, D. Sirisha and K.B. Chandra Sekhar, Adsorption studies of Chromium by Using Low Cost Adsorbents.. Our Nature, 11(1), 2013, 11-16.
[2]. B.E. Van Wyk and N. Gericke, People's Plants. A Guide to Useful Plants of Southern Africa. (Briza Publications, Pretoria 2000).
[3]. C.S.I.R. The Wealth of India – An Encyclopedia of India's raw Materials Resources.1948-1976.
[4]. V. Marry priyanka, D. Sirisha and N. Gandhi, Sulphur dioxide adsorption using Macrtyloma uniflorum Lam. Seed powder. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2(4), 2012, 251-254.
[5]. D. Sirisha, K. Mukkanti and N. Gandhi, Adsorption Studies on Alum Sludge. Advances in Applied Science Research, 3(5), 2012, 3362-3366.

Paper Title :: Degradation of Rhodamine B by using Co-ZSM-5 Catalyst
Author Name :: M. Esther Leena Preethi || A. Umasankari || C.H.Rekha
Country :: India
Page Number :: 48-52
Co-ZSM-5 catalyst was prepared using ion exchange method. The prepared catalyst was characterized using XRD and SEM techniques. Eco friendly photo catalytic degradation of Rhodamine B was carried out using this synthesized heterogeneous environmentally benign catalyst. Sunlight was used for irradiation and using H2O2 100% abasement of the dye was achieved within the time duration of 60 minutes. The effect of recyclability of the catalyst and pH effect on the Rhodamine B dye degradation were also examined and the results are discussed.
KEY WORDS - Catalysis, cerium, Co-ZSM-5, H2O2, photodegradation, solar light, zeolite.
[1] Valentine Rupa A, Manikandan D, Divakar D, Revathi S, Esther Leena Preethi M, Shanthi K and T.Sivakumar, 'Photocatalytic degradation of Tatrazine dye using TiO2 Catalyst: Salt effect and Kinetic studies', Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, Vol.14, (2007) , pp. 71-78.
[2] M. Esther Leena Preethi, J. Anitha Priya, S. Thiriveni, 'Solar light driven degradation of eriochrome black T by photocatalysis', Journal of Applied Chemsitry, Vol. 8, Issue 2, Ver II, (2015), PP 55-62.
[3] M. Esther Leena Preethi*, S. Prithika, R. Yamini, (2015), Solar Light Aided Photobleaching of Congo red Dye Using Spions: a Novel Route for Complete Dye Degradation, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol4, Spl. Issue 1 February 2015, PP 101-111.
[4] Y. Li, J.N. Armor, Selective Reduction of NOx by Methane on Co-Ferrierites: I. Reaction and Kinetic Studies J. Catal. 150, (1994), 376-387.
[5] M. C. Campa, S. De Rossi, G. Ferraris and V. Indovina "Catalytic activity of Co-ZSM-5 for the abatement of NOx with methane in the presence of oxygen". Appl. Cat. B: Environmental, 8, (1996), 315-331.

Author Name :: S V Alok || Anil Kumar D || Sreenivas Shikar R || Nithin K R || Singamsetty Prasanna Sai Ram
Country :: India
Page Number :: 53-56
The automatic steering of ship from one place to another along a planned track is a principle of track keeping problem. The heading of the ship must be in such a way that the distance from the desired (predefined) track should be minimum. The designing of an accurate track keeping controller is a challenging task, in which the desired heading angle is decided by the current position of the ship and the reference waypoint because ship and sea environment are cluttered and dynamic in nature.
[1]. Saggini, Eleonora, et al. "Performance indices for evaluation and comparison of unmanned marine vehicles' guidance systems." 19th IFAC World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa. 2014
[2]. Rajan, Kanna, Frédéric Py, and Javier Barreiro. "Towards deliberative control in marine robotics." Marine Robot Autonomy. Springer New York, 2013. 91-175.
[3]. Giorgio Serchi, Francesco, Andrea Arienti, and Cecilia Laschi. "Biomimetic vortex propulsion: toward the new paradigm of soft unmanned underwater vehicles." Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on 18.2 (2013): 484-493
[4]. Perera, L. P., J. P. Carvalho, and C. Guedes Soares. "Fuzzy logic based decision making system for collision avoidance of ocean navigation under critical collision conditions." Journal of marine science and technology 16.1 (2011): 84-99.
[5]. M. Bibuli, M. Caccia, L. Lapierre and G. Bruzzone, "Guidance of Unmanned Surface Vehicles: Experiments in Vehicle Following," in IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, vol.19,no.3,pp.92-102,Sept.2012.doi: 10.1109/MRA.2011.2181784.

Paper Title :: Dielectric Properties of Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes / Polystyrene Composites
Author Name :: Najiba Abdullah Al-Hamadani || Sabah A. Salman || Hamed A. Younis
Country :: Iraq
Page Number :: 57-61
Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs)/Polystyrene (PS) composites were prepared by solution casting method. The effects weight percentage of carbon nanotubes on dielectric properties of the composites studied using (LCR)meter as a function of frequency over the range (50Hz-5MHz) at room temperature were studied. The experimental results showedthat dielectric constant, dissipation factor and dielectric loss of composites increased with increasing the weight percentage of carbon nanotubes and decreases with increase in frequencies.
Keywords: PS, MWCNTs, Dielectric properties, Polymer nanocomposite
[1]. H. Xu and S. M. Anlage,"Microwave shielding of transparent and conducting single-walled carbonnanotube films",Applied Physics Letters, vol.90, (2007), pp.1831191-1831193.
[2]. G. M. Odegard, S. J. V. Frankland, and T. S. Gates, "Effect of nanotube functionalization on the elastic properties of polyethylene nanotube composites", AIAA Journal, vol. 43, no. 8, (2005), pp.1828–1835.
[3]. Y. Yang, M. C. Gupta and K. L. Dudley, "Towards cost-efficient EMI shielding materials using carbon nanostructure-based nanocomposites", Nanotechnology, vol. 18, no. 34, (2007),pp.52–67.
[4]. Y. Zhou, F. Pervin, L. Lewis and S. Jeelani, "Fabrication and characterization of carbon/epoxy composites mixed with multi-walled carbon nanotubes", Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 475, no. 1-2, (2008), pp.157–165.
[5]. S.-M. Yuen, C.-M. Ma and C.-Y. Chuang, "Effect of processing method on the shielding effectiveness of electromagnetic interference of MWCNT/PMMA composites", Composites Science and Technology, vol. 68, no. 3-4, (2008), pp.963–968.

Paper Title :: Manufacturing of building blocks using Hempcrete
Author Name :: Nayana Manohari T K || Sunil H G || Devika Rani || Akshay Kumar
Country :: India
Page Number :: 62-73
Hemp (Cannabis sativa) is an agricultural crop that can be used as a building material in combination with lime and cement. A composite building material that combines a cementitious binder (building limes and cement) with hemp shives, the woodycore of the hemp stalk is generally referred to as hemp concrete (HC). However,industrial facilities to separate hemp shives and fibres are currently not available in India. HC has many advantages as a building material but it is not load-bearing and must be used in combination with a load-bearing RCC frame.The aim of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of using both hemp shives and fibres in a HC to determine an optimal mix of the different binding agents and to investigate if adding cement binder would improve mechanical strength of the material. The effects on compressive strength of pre-mixing the binder or creating perforations in the test specimens were also investigated.
KEYWORDS : Concrete, Fibers, Hempcrete, Lime, OPC
[1] Athanas Konin, "Effect Of The Type Of Binder On Physico-Mechanical And Thermal Properties Of Mortars With A Basis Of Coir", Vol.7, No 3, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (2012)
[2] S. Elfordy, F. Lucas, F. Tancret, Y. Scudeller, L. Goudet, ―Mechanical And Thermal Properties Of Lime And Hemp Concrete Manufactured By A Projection Process‖ Construction and Building Materials 22 (2008) 2116–2123 (2008)
[3] Paulien de Bruijn, ―Hemp Concretes-Mechanical Properties Using Both Shives And Fibre‖ Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (2008)
[4] Agnita Mukherjee, ―Structural Benefits Of Hempcrete Infill In Timber Stud Walls‖ Queen's University,Kingston,Ontario,Canada (2012)
[5] Elie Awwad, Dominique Choueiter, and Helmi Khatib, ―Concrete Masonry Blocks Reinforced with Local Industrial Hemp Fibers and Hurds‖ International Conference on sustainable construction materials and technologies,(2007)

Paper Title :: Computational analysis of Abrasive Water Suspension Jet with Impact of Inlet Operating Pressure, Exit Kinetic Energy and Volume Fraction
Author Name :: Rakesh Chandra || Ashutosh Dwivedi
Country :: India
Page Number :: 74-82
Abrasive water suspension jet (AWSJ) is one of classified version of abrasive water jet machining which have higher power density with stabilized jet. It is an advanced manufacturing method wide been used in modern industries for machining components having complex shapes that that require to be generated from brittle and heat-sensitive materials in addition to composites. Abrasive particle in suspension mixture leads to significant skin friction which adversely affects the jet diameter due to wear and which extensively impact the jet exit kinetic energy. However, this lowers life of jet in order to get effective machining. In concern to this aspect, the present work AWSJ has been examined using computational tool ANSYS fluent. In which impact of impact of inlet operating Pressure, exit kinetic energy and volume fraction has been investigated. From the analysis it has been found that the rate of skin friction coefficient marginally increases as inlet pressure increases which proportionally increases the exit kinetic energy of the jet. Moreover, it is interesting to know that by increasing volume fraction the skin friction coefficient and the jet exit kinetic energy can significantly been decreased.
KEYWORDS: AWSJ; kinetic energy; skin friction coefficient; operating pressure
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[2]. N. Ramachandran and N. Ramakrishnan, ― A review of abrasive jet machining‖ Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 39 (1993) 21-31.
[3]. G.I.Sang Choi and G.I.Heung Choi,‖ Process analysis and monitoring in abrasive water jet machining of alumina ceramics‖ Int J. Mech. Tools, manufact, 37 (3) (1997) 295-307.
[4]. H.Liu, J.Wanga, N.Kelson, R.J.Browna, ―A study of abrasive waterjet characteristics by CFD simulation‖ Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 153–154 (2004) 488–493.
[5]. Jan Valicek, Milan Drzik, Sergej Hloch, Miloslav Ohlidal, Luptak Miloslav, Miroslav Gombar, Agata Radvanska, Petr Hlava cekh, Katerina Palenikovad, ―Experimental analysis of irregularities of metallic surfaces generated by abrasive water jet‖ International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 47 (2007) 1786–1791.

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