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Vol. 08, No. 04 [April 2022]

Paper Title :: On w-open sets
Author Name :: Khairia Mohamed Mira || Massuodah Saad Tarjam
Country :: Libya
Page Number :: 01-09
In this paper we define a new kind of generalized open sets in a topological space which is called w-open set. The class of w-open sets is contained in the class of somewhere dense sets and it contains all semi-open sets except the empty set. We investigate the conditions under which the class of all w-open sets(respectively, somewhere dense sets) with the empty set forms a topology. Later, the density of the above generalized open sets and other famous generalizedopen sets are studied and compared under some conditions on the original topology.
Key Words: F-connected, Generalized open set, Hyperconnected, Somewhere dense, Ultraconnected.
[1]. O. Njastad, On some classes of nearly open sets, Pacific Journal of Mathematics, vol. 15, 1965, 961-970.
[2]. A. S. Mashhour, M. E. Abd El-Monsef and S. N. El-Deeb, On precontinuous and weak precontinuous mappings, Proceedings of the Mathematical and physical society of Egypt, vol. 53 (1982) pp.47-53.
[3]. D. Andrijevic, On b-open sets, MatematickiVesnik, vol. 48 ,1996, 59-64.
[4]. M. E. Abd El-Monsef, S. N. El-Deeb and R. A. Mahmoud, β-open sets and β-continuous mappings,Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. AssiutUniversity , vol. 12 (1983) 77-90.
[5]. T. M. Al-shamiand . Somewhere Dense Sets and ST1-Spaces, Punjab University Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 49 (2017) pp. 101-111.


Paper Title :: Panel Method for Flow Problems with the Ideal Flows
Author Name :: Thi Hue Tran
Country :: Vietnam
Page Number :: 10-18
Panel methods are well-known methods for solving potential fluid flow problems which have been applied to solve the Laplace equation for aerodynamics ([2], [4]). Thin solid flow problems with the negative sub-current were studied carefully by analysic method for aerodynamics. If flow velocity is smaller than 120m/s, then incompressible flow models are applied. In addition, if the motion is not non-vertox then problems lead to Laplace equation with respective conditions. To be flow current with 0.3 ≤M≤0.6 as well as the asumptions above, then compressible flows will be converted to incompressible flows by Prandtl – Glauert transformation.
Key Words: Aerodynamics, compressible flows, incompressible flows, vertox motion.
[1]. J. L. Hess, Higher order numerical solution of the integral equation for the two dimensional neumann problem, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volum 2, Issue 1, February 1973, P. 1- 15
[2]. A. M. Kuethe and C. Y. Chow, Foundations of Aerodynamics, fouth edition, Wiley, 1985
[3]. C.A. J. Fletcher, Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics 1 (Fundermantal and General Techniques), second edition, Springer Verlag, New York, ISBN 0-387-53058-4
[4]. J.J. Bertin and M. L. Smith, Aerodynamics for engineer, second edition, Prentice Hall, 1989


Paper Title :: Generation of Bioenergy from Industrial Waste Water Using Carbon Electrodes Microbial Fuelcell
Author Name :: Mr. S. Krishnan || Dr. S. Christian Johnson
Country :: India
Page Number :: 19-26
Energy is the fundamental necessity of this time. We as an emerging nation rely upon energy for different purposes. As of late, numerous countries set forth their drives on lessening the use of contaminating petroleum derivatives. It is notable that as an agricultural nation for us. So alternative fossil fuels we are in need of non-polluting biological means of energy. Our one more issue is squander materials delivered on different creations to couple these two issues explores tracked down innovation that utilizes microbial local area to corrupt natural mixtures in squander water and to make energy. In this momentum work we have chosen to plan a biochemical fuel framework in upstream mode utilizing engineered squander water which looks like refinery squander water. The expense of film utilized in past works is wiped out in the plan and arrangements have been given for different anode distances.
To expand the proficiency of MFC, the cells work in two states of high-impact and anaerobic. Circulated air through MFC was additionally concentrated by differing ooze volume. The greatest power creation productivity was 53%. Using industrial wastewater for the creation of environmentally friendly power (bioelectricity) from anaerobic treatment is considered as an achievable, affordable and feasible interaction.
Key Words: energy, waste water, microbial, organic matter, fuels.
[1]. Zhang Y, Liu M, Zhou M, Yang H, Liang L, Gu T (2019) Microbial fuel cell hybrid systems for wastewater treatment and bioenergy production: synergistic effects, mechanisms and challenges. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 103:13–29.
[2]. Wei J, Liang P, Huang X (2011) Recent progress in electrodes for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 102:9335–9344.
[3]. Samsudeen N, Radhakrishnan TK, Matheswaran M (2015) Bioelectricity production from microbial fuel cell using mixed bacterial culture isolated from distillery wastewater. Bioresour Technol 195:242–247.
[4]. Noor Hidayu AR, Noraziah M (2016) Preparation and characterization of impregnated activated carbon from palm kernel shell and coconut shell for CO2 capture. ProcediaEng 148:106–113.
[5]. Rabaey K, Boon N, Siciliano SD, Verhaege M, Verstraete W. “Biofuel cells select for microbial consortia that self-mediate electron transfer”. Appl Environ Microb 2009;70:5373–82.


Paper Title :: E-VAAHAN - Smart Transport Monitoring System
Author Name :: Sushil Kumar || Alija Biswas || Vishal Sharma || Vivek Kumar || Dr. Sudipta Sahana || Dr. Dharmpal Singh
Country :: India
Page Number :: 27-33
Public transport monitoring is one of the major and crucial facilities which is very much necessary to maintain records of vehicles running on the road nowadays. A public transport monitoring is very much required as a purpose of interstate border safety as well as intrastate safety. It is necessary that a vehicle should have proper documentation before it is brought on the road. The proper documentation of a vehicle is also necessary for its validation and verification so that frauds can be kept on check. For giving an edge to these monitoring facilities we are going to develop a system named as E-Vaahan which will be able to fetch the vehicle number through a number plate on the rear side of the vehicle using an online smartcam and will generate all the details regarding that vehicle. These records generation will be very much helpful in finding majorly three things. First, this system will be able to detect whether the vehicle on the road has proper documentation or not regarding insurance, pollution, etc. which is a default feature of a monitoring system. Secondly, the system will be able to detect whether the vehicle number is valid for the vehicle type or is it a fraud. And third, the system will be able to keep on checking interstate movement of the vehicle and its pass validity. Hence E-Vaahan will definitely provide a user friendly approach to keep eye on vehicles on the road which can be easily handled by the traffic police officers and reduce the maximum of their efforts that they give to manage traffic.
Key Words: Detection, Monitoring System, Smart cam, User-Friendly, Verification
[1] Mahamkali, Naveenkumar & Ayyasamy, Vadivel. (2015), “OpenCV for Computer Vision Applications”. Proceedings of National Conference on Big Data and Cloud Computing (NCBDC’15), March 20, 2015
[2] M.Tech. Scholar Amit Kochale, Prof. Ashutosh Khemariya & Prof. Mrs. Aditi Tiwari, “Real Time Automatic Vehicle (License) Recognition Identification System with the Help of Opencv & Easyocr Model”,International Journal of Research, Science, Technology & Management E:ISSN 2455-2240 Volume 24 Issue III, September 2021.
[3] Patel, Chirag & Shah, D. & Patel, Atul. (2013). Automatic Number Plate Recognition System (ANPR): A Survey. International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA). 69. 21-33. 10.5120/11871-7665.
[4] Geetha, M & Pooja, R & Swetha, J & Nivedha, N & Daniya, T.. (2020). Implementation of Text Recognition and Text Extraction on Formatted Bills using Deep Learning. International Journal of Control and Automation. 13. 646-651.
[5] Pratiksha Jain, Neha Chopra and Vaishali Gupta, “Automatic License Plate Recognition using OpenCV”, International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research Volume 3– Issue 12, 756 - 761, 2014, ISSN:- 2319–8656.


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